It is the needs to have duty to ourselves and duty to others as an end in itself, while always having humanity. As long as the action has moral worth done for the sake of duty. Even though the act itself may be beneficial, the motivations of the act may not be morally good. The character of the actor has to be virtuous when performing the act to have the right motives. The good and bad acts and beliefs is objective, depending on one’s culture. Every culture has different judgement based on experiences. Cultures are seen as not wrong, but different.
Real World Example A female who believes that she should be treated equally a by her boss among her other male coworkers An individual has a duty to never lie to others and does not lie to anyone. An individual that donates to a charity not for self-image to the public, but because he or she wants to help those in need. Abortion is not accepted in most cultures but is accepted in some. Some people belief that abortion is sinful even though the fetus has not developed a heartbeat, however some other cultures belief that it is not bad Ethical Theory Social Contract Theory 1) Compatibilism 2) Altruism 3) Moral Nihilism Definition It is where there is a contract of established political rules in society among the people and the government. It means that humans have free will. Reason and religion cannot have conflict between one another. It is one’s choice to cause one’s action of free will It means acting in the best interest of others rather than in one’s own self-interest.
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