Increased upper class market for both public and private music growth of an

Increased upper class market for both public and

  • University of Texas
  • MUS 302L
  • Notes
  • xxnaruto97xx
  • 32
  • 100% (1) 1 out of 1 people found this document helpful

This preview shows page 11 - 19 out of 32 pages.

Increased (upper-class) market for both “public” and “private” music; growth of an “international” style Shift to ideals of simple textures, “natural” melodies, predictable forms Amateur home performance rises in fashion Teaching/composing opportunities for instrumentalists Key genres Sonata (especially for keyboard, or keyboard and violin/flute), associated with cultivated women entertaining guests in the home String Quartet (2 violins, viola, ’cello) “a conversation between four intelligent people” Private Music in the Late 1700s Sabatini ( 18th century ) - The Music Lesson
Image of page 11
Operatic reforms Comic opera Ballad opera Lyric drama Orpheus and Euridice (1762) Gluck (1714-1787) Nicolas Poussin, Paesaggio con Orfeo e Euridice, 1648 “Symplicity, truth, and naturalness are the great principles of beauty in all forms of art.”Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714-1787)
Image of page 12
Concert at Vauxhall pleasure gardens, where for a fee the public could enjoy music and other entertainment outdoors Vauxall , watercolor by Thomas Rowlandson
Image of page 13
According to leading critics of the time:
Image of page 14
Timeline 1400 1600 1720 1800 1900 800 Middle Ages Baroque 1720 1800 Classical Renaissance 1740 Handel Oratorios 1787 1792 1784 Mozart Piano Concerto In G major 1801 Beethoven Piano Sonata Moonlight Haydn Symphony 94 Mozart Eine Kleine Nachtmusik Ancient Greece and Rome in the Classical Imagination
Image of page 15
The Sounds of the Classical Era
Image of page 16
Image of page 17
Styles BAROQUE CLASSICAL MELODY Ornate, often asymmetrical; Continuous; wide leaps; chromatic tones for expressive purposes Simple melodies, often in 4 and 8 measure phrases; Balanced cadences; tuneful; diatonic, narrow leaps RHYTHM Varied, steady, energetic pulse; varied tempos, freer in vocal music More consistent, regularly recurring accents; less insistent pulse,
Image of page 18
Image of page 19

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture