March 5 1946 iron curtain speech by winston churchill

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that this will cause a hierarchy within the world order. March 5, 1946: Iron Curtain Speech by Winston Churchill o Said that an iron curtain had descended across the continent. o The Iron Curtain separated Europe into East and West o Some believe this speech to be the beginning of the Cold War Soviet’s need for expansion was a self-preservation method. o Fear of the enemy (Germany) provokes Soviet’s desire for a buffer zone o Feels that they will be destroyed if they don’t expand and gain more world power Truman Doctrine (1947) o Containment policy—to stop Soviet expansion o States that the US will support Greece and Turkey in its struggle against the Soviet sphere of influence o Claims that the US will “support free people” and their fight against oppressors o Shifted American foreign policy from détente to one of containment The Long Telegram by George Kennan o George Kennan worked at the US Embassy in Moscow and was asked to report what the USSR’s position was o He replied with an 8,000 word telegram in which he expressed his hatred for the Soviet Union o According to Kennan, Communism only gave the USSR more fuel to hate the West and only gave them more desire to destroy any opposition The Cold War led to the Communist Party being pushed out of coalition governments o Part of the containment policy in hopes of preventing the expansion of Communism After WW2, there were two types of rebuilding of the economy o In the Soviet Union, there were social reforms in hopes of rebuilding the economy o In the US, there was a rebuild of the capitalist system o These opposing methods created tension between the two countries The Cold War—McMahon After WW2, much of Europe was in ruins (2) o “The whole world structure and order that we had inherited from the nineteenth century was gone.” (3) The US and USSR emerged as the two great world powers (competition) o “As the world moved…the most casual observer could see that the US and USSR held most of the military, economic and diplomatic cards.” (3) o “The tension, suspicion and rivalry…was…hardly a surprise.” (5)
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o “It was the divergent aspirations, needs, histories, governing institutions and ideologies of the US and the USSR that turned unavoidable tensions into…Cold War.” (6) The Origins of the Cold War in Europe—Reynolds Emergence of NATO o “purpose was once described as keeping ‘the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down.’” (inside flap)
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