Unredeemed states did not join italy until later

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(Unredeemed) - States did not join Italy until later Venetia 1866 and Rome 1876 Realpolitik - Realistic way of government Parts of Italy Kingdom of Sardinia - King Victor Emmanuel II Piedmont, Nice, Savoy, and island of Sardinia Austrian-controlled Lombardy and Venetia Duchies Parma, Modena, and Tuscany Papal States Kingdom of Two Sicilies Cavour 1810-1861 Prime Minister of Sardinia Want to unify Italy under monarchy of Sardinia Liberal Reform Civil rights and suffrage to all men Strengthen infrastructure and economy Foreign Policy Involvement in Crimean War (realpolitik) Want to gain favor of France and England Want a seat at the table to gain territory
Needed France to fight Austria France would didn't want blame for starting the war Cavour lowers Italian taxes, renovates Italy, builds military Austrian people are jealous and rise up Austrian army attacks Italy and Italians goad them France arrives and fights Austria Austro-Sardinian War France was unhappy w/ human costs because they fighting most Agreement between France and Sardinia France lets Sardinia annex new states France gets Nice and Savoy Threats to alliance between France and Sardinia Sardinia might grow to rival France Prussia & German states threaten to help Austria Signed agreement with Austrian Emperor, Francis Joseph France gets Lombardy to give to Sardinia Austria kept Venetia Cavour resigns as prime minister (returns in 1860) Garibaldi 1807-1882 Very romantic Fought Austrians and French in 1848-49 Nice & Savoy Garibaldi was from Savoy Wanted to protect his homeland from the French Diverted by Cavour and sent to Kingdom of Two Sicilies and Naples Unification Took over Kingdom of Two Sicilies Conquered Naples the capital Cavour afraid of Garibaldi’s success May rival King Victor Emmanuel II Sardinian army takes over Papal States Garibaldi swears fealty to King Kingdom of Italy proclaimed March 17, 1861 Venetia & Rome Italy assist Prussia against Austria Rewarded with Venetia French troops withdrew from Rome to fight Prussia Rome falls to Italy and becomes capital 1862 Bismarck appointed as Chancellor by William I 1863 Prussian-Danish War Schleswig-Holstein Question Danish king rule over Germans Germans mistreated Austria want to help protect Germans Not go as German Confederation Have to go as Prussia and Austria Prussia got Schleswig and Austria got Holstein Prussia did not allow Austria to go through Prussian territory to reach Holstein 1866 Austro-Prussian War (7 Weeks’ War) Bismarck’s foreign dealings Need to keep other countries out of war Deal with Italy, France, and Russia for noninterference Italy would get Venetia Results Prussia wins Austria get generous peace terms Prussia unifies much of Germany without Austria

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