The breakdown product of leucine is acetyl coa this

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28. The breakdown product of leucine is acetyl-CoA. This amino acid would be classified as A) ketogenic C) Both glucogenic and ketogenic B) glucogenic 29. Which of the following hormones acts as an appetite suppressor? 30. The process of converting NO 3 - to N 2 is called Scrambled version C Page 3
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31. Erythrocytes (red blood cells) lack mitochondria. What would be the primary pathway for generating ATP in these cells? 32. The rate-controlling step of fatty acid synthesis is catalyzed by A) HMG-CoA synthase D) palmitoyl thioesterase B) acetyl-CoA carboxylase E) transacylase C) acetyl-CoA dehydrogenase 33. How many molecules of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate are needed to generate 3 molecules of ribulose bisphosphate in the Calvin cycle? 34. Which of the ketone bodies can be decarboxylated non-enzymatically? 35. Which of the following statements concerning glutamine synthetase is FALSE? 36. In fatty acid catabolism, chain shortening occurs at the _____ end of the fatty acyl chain. A) methyl B) thioester C) both the metyl and thioester 37. Which of the following is an activator of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase? 38. How many photons will be involved in the transfer of 4 electrons from PSII to 2 NADP + ? 39. What would be the cost in ATP-equivalents to produce one triacylglycerol molecule? 40. Which intermediate is involved in both fatty acid and cholesterol synthesis? A) α -ketoglutarate D) isoprene B) β -hydroxybutyrate E) acetone C) acetoacetyl thioester Scrambled version C Page 4
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41. Diabetes mellitus Type ____ is an autoimmune response that destroys pancreatic cells and Type ____ occurs due to insulin resistance. In Type II, the liver responds by synthesizing ____ glucose.
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