social contract and individual rights, Stage 6 : Universal principles Ethical Theories o Theories about leader’s conduct o Theories about leader’s character
Theories that deal with leader’s conduct o Theories that stress the consequences of leaders actions o Theories that emphasize the duty or rules governing leader’s actions 3 different approaches to making decisions regarding moral conduct 1. Ethical egoism – person should act so as to create the greatest good for themselves 2. Utilitarianism – we should behave so as to create the greatest good for the greatest number 3. Altruism – actions are moral if their primary purpose is to promote the best interest of others Deontological approach o Deos means duty o Focuses on the actions of the leader and their moral obligations and responsibilities to do the right things Virtue based theories – focuses on who leaders are as people o Virtues are rooted in the heart of individual and in the individual’s dispositions o It is believed that virtues and moral abilities are not innate but can be acquired and learned through practice o Aretaic means excellence or virtue Centrality of ethics to leadership o Leaders have the ethical responsibility to treat followers with dignity and respect o Leaders have a special responsibility because the nature of their leadership puts them in a special position in which they have a greater opportunity to influence others in significant ways Heifetz Perspective on Ethical Leadership o His approach emphasizes how leaders help followers to confront conflict and to address conflict by effecting changes o According to him, Leadership involves the use of authority to help followers deal with the conflicting values that emerge in rapidly changing work environment and social cultures o Leaders must use authority to mobilize people to face tough issues Burns perspective on ethical leadership o Argues that it’s important for leaders to engage themselves with followers and help them in their personal struggles regarding conflicting values o For burns, it is the responsibility that of the leader to help followers assess their own values and needs in order to raise them to a higher level of functioning. The Dark side of leadership o Is the toxic side of leadership in that a leaser uses leadership for personal ends?
o Leaders have destructive behaviours -- leaving followers worse off than how they found them, violating human rights of others o Principles of Ethical leadership 1. Respect others 2. Serve others 3. Shows Justice – leaders make fairness and justice top priority 4. Honesty 5. Builds Community Strengths 1. Provides a body of timely research on ethical issues 2. Ethics ought to be considered as an integral part of the broader domain of leadership 3. Highlights several principles that are important to the development of ethical leadership Weaknesses 1. Area of research in its early stage of development, and therefore lacks a strong body of
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- Fall '13