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Refining IdeasThere exist different techniques for refining research techniques, one of which is the Delphi technique. This approach requires a group of people who are involved with or share the same interest in the research idea to generate and pick a more specific research idea. Another way to refine a research idea is to is to turn it into a research question before turning it into a research project. This is called preliminary inquiry. Integrating IdeasThe integration of the ideas from the techniques is an important part of a research project. This process includes ‘working up and narrowing down’, which means that each research idea needs to be classified into its area, its field, and ultimately the precise aspect into which one is interested. Distributing prohibited | Downloaded by sara shera ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|2378414
2.4 The transformation from research idea to research projectWriting research questions It is very important to define a clear research question at the beginning of the research process. A research question may be: •Descriptive – question usually starts with ‘When’, ‘What’, ‘Who’, ‘Where’, or ‘How’ •Evaluative – question may start with ‘How effective…’ or ‘To what extent….’ •Explanatory – question mainly starts with ‘Why’ or has this word in it Do not make the research question too simple or too difficult to answer. The ‘Goldilocks test’ may be helpful to determine if a question is too big (when it demands too many resources), too small (provides insufficient data), too hot (when it is a sensitive subject) or ‘just right’. It is also essential for a research question to provide new insights. Writing research objectives Research questions can be used either to produce more detailed investigative questions or as a starting point for research objectives. Writing objectives is more generally accepted as a way to specify sense and direction in a research project than research questions. This is because they are more precise in displaying what one would like to make clear. Research objections operationalize the research question, which means that they show the steps that are required to take to answer it. What is theory and why is it important?Theory is concerned with causality. This means that it regards the cause and effect relationship between two or more variables. For example, theory explains why and how a promotion influences employee’s behaviour. Logical reasoning is essential here to explain in a clear way why this is the case. The role of theory is to explain the relationship between variables and to make predictions about possible new outcomes. Advising on how to take research in a certain way (Variable 1) is based on the theory that this will eventually create effective results (Yield B). By undertaking research it is possible to collect data with which new theories could be developed.