overreact producing a feeling of fullness and urgency, yet the urine volume is small. If the infection is not treated, the bacteria can spread to the kidneys and cause pyelonephritis (National Kidney Foundation, n.d.). Factors Impacting the Pathophysiology of UTIs Gender and age have an impact on the pathophysiology of UTIs. The reason gender is applicable is due the shorter urethra with female anatomy (National Kidney Foundation, n.d.). The elderly population is more prone to developing more severe UTIs because they are often asymptomatic with cystitis, which leads to a complicated upper urinary tract infection before treatment is initiated (Huether & McCance, 2017). Diagnosis and Treatment Diagnosis is confirmed with urinalysis finding positive leukocyte esterase and positive nitrates. Additionally, urine cultures are positive and reveal specific microorganism. Treatment
WK10/DIS 2 for both upper and lower urinary tract infections include antibiotic therapy. A lower UTI is treated for a course of three to seven days. A upper UTI is treated for a course of seven to fourteen days. It is recommended to repeat a urine culture one week after completing antibiotics to ensure eradication (Huether & McCance, 2017).
WK10/DIS 3 References Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding Pathophysiology (6 ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier National Kidney Foundation. (n.d.). Urinary Tract Infections. Retrieved from
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- Fall '17
- keisha lovence
- urinary tract infection, urinary tract