The end of work the end of usefulness and purpose the

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The end of work ≠ the end of usefulness and purpose The workforce often bias against seniors, especially high unemployment. Advertising favors youth. How are the elderly portrayed in the media? Retirement often brings poverty and insecurity Pensions - prevent seniors from living in poverty 1951 70+ entitled to an old age pension. later lowered to 65+. RRSP - (Registered Retirement Savings Plans) Individual savings Employer-sponsored pensions - in 1997 4/10 Canadians participated in occupational pension plans OAS (Old Age Security) - basic universal pension GIS (Guaranteed Income Supplement) - “Top up” for OAS where no other income CPP (Canada Pension Plan) - 1966 - employees contribute through wages and is portable from job to job Who is excluded? do not have RRSPs, company pensions and OAS/GIS women - had sporadic work history/low pay (no company pension, low CPP based on low wages)
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0.66 million 65+ below low income cut off 1998o 37% qualified for GIS Single seniors life harder than couples 2036 - 6 times elderly living in poverty Senior women - highest rates of poverty Company pensions: 1977 - 25% of 65+men received, 14% women 2002 Average CPP pension for men $503.51, women - $287.01 Social Issues associated with aging * Housing costs * Decreased health * Stigmao° * Poverty * Unemployment * Elder Abuseo° ° ° * Isolation and exclusion‚ ± ‹ ‚ “ ; (no money for transportation, newspapers, social events) * Visible minority seniors vulnerableo° ° ° * Immigrant seniorso no pensions until reach residency requirementso Homes for the Aged (Nursing Homes) More families live in different parts of the country More women work outside the home - unable to care for elderly parents 1996 - 29% of seniors lived alone, and number is increasing 1961~ 1991 proportion of senior women living alone doubled Contributing factors : changes in family structure and social expectations, widowhoodo° , living longer than men,
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  • Spring '10
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