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The government is based on parliamentary democracy, i.e. the people elect their own leaders through the electoral process. The M.Ps forms the legislature and therefore make the laws while the executive arm implements them. The judiciary ensures that nobody violates them.Moreso, there’s an effective defense force that protects the country from external and internal attacks. The electoral process in KenyaKenyans choose the president, members of national assembly, senate, the deputy president and members of county government they want after every five years.The elections are organized by The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission ofKenya (IEBC) which replaced the Electoral Commission of Kenya (ECK). Kenya has 290 electoral units (constituencies). Methods used to elect the Mps include the use of Queuing (mlolongo) which is no longer used, acclamation and secret ballot. In 1969, elections were delayed for one year while in 1983 they were conducted before the expiry of the five year period. This was done to restructure the political situation following the 1982 attempted coup de tat.Voting in Kenya is based on universal suffrage, i.e. one-person-one vote.Functions of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission of KenyaConducting/supervising referenda and elections to any elective body or office established by the Constitution.Conducts any other elections as prescribed by the constitutionEnsures continuous registration of citizens as voters.It revises the voters roll regularlyIt is in charge of the delimitation of constituencies and wards. In this, IEBC shall review the names and boundaries of constituencies and names, number and boundaries of wards within 8 to 12 years. In constituency review, it shall consider geographical features, urbancentres, community economic and cultural ties and means of communication.Regulates the process by which parties nominate candidates for elections. It oversees the allocation of party seats for nominated and special members of National Assembly, Senate and County assembly.Each party list of nominees must comprise appropriate number of qualified candidates based on gender. Each partys list for national assembly must reflect the regional and ethnic diversity of Kenyans. The seats are allocated to political parties in proportion to total number of seats won at the general elections.Settles electoral disputes except election petitionsEnsures registration of candidates for elections.
Conducts voter educationRegulates the amount of money spent by a candidate or party in respect of any electionEnsures development of a code of conduct for candidates and parties contesting electionsEnsures compliance with the legislation relating to nomination of candidates by parties.