Sculptor may have created not a portrait of a

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sculptor may have created, not a portrait of a particular person, but rather a representation of the reproductive and child rearing aspects of a woman.” There are several notable civilizations of the ancient near east, including the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Hittites, Babylonians, and the Persians. These civilizations used materials that were available in the area such as sandstone, diorite, gemstones, shell, ivory, and ceramics. They were also one of the first in the world to work in metals such as gold, silver, iron, copper, lead, and bronze. Their art was used to reflect the world around them as they understood it. Their art often depicted humans, especially their rulers. Powerful men often appeared in long flowing garments with a headdress and weapon. Men also usually had long curly beards to show power. Their eyes were large and drew focus to the area. This can be seen in the Sumerian figurine “Standing Male Worshiper from Tell Asmar”. This alabaster figurine was buried with 11 other figurines, mostly all of male orientation, ranging in sizes. The large eyes are open an attentive, as if maintaining pure focus on the God to worship. The art created during the previous era did not tend to depict faces, while the Ancient Near East art began carving fine details of the face. Ancient Egyptian art further defined the facial aspects of their artwork. These beautiful works of art were produced to depicted to “glorify the gods and were set up by the Egyptian kings, whom the Egyptians believed were also divine and could serve as intermediaries with the gods.” (Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 15 th Edition). Egyptians believed their kings were divine beings, so they created art that distinctively portrayed them with ideal proportions. The kings were depicted in their most perfect form, with a flawless body and perfect face, despite their age or appearance. This can be seen in the stone sculpture “Khafre enthroned,” which was
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