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Unmanaged Disease CharacteristicsThe obese individual will have an increase of adipose tissue throughout their body. They may have a difficult time with physical activity, suffer from osteoarthritis, or may even be disabled. The obese patient may suffer from type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, stroke, cancer, breathing disorders, gallbladder disease, reproductive issues, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Their blood work may show an increase in triglycerides, blood sugar, liver enzymes, and A1C levels. Their vital signs will show elevated blood pressure and heart rate. If you were able to look inside their body you would see system-wide inflammation, blood flowing slowing though arteries, plaque in some arteries, a heart that is working harder to beat, and lungs that are working harder to breathe. This patient has a decrease in the quality of life they may suffer from anxiety and depression, only making it harder to make life choices to better their health (Redinger, 2007).
16Running head: PATHOPHARMACOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONSPatients, Families, & PopulationsObesity can affect a patient in many ways causing limitations in their work, physical activity, social and romantic relationships. These limitations are very difficult to handle and can cause emotional distress. The obese individual may be putting life goals on hold while they are trying to lose weight. At work, they may feel limited to go for the promotion or be afraid to get up and speak in front of others, or they may have physical limitations they are ashamed of. They may not want to go to a gym or workout group for fear of being made fun of or not knowing where to start. In social situations an obese individual will be constantly aware of how they look and may even be comparing themselves to others, this may make it difficult to be outgoing. In romantic relationships, the individual may be self-conscious of their looks and not feel comfortable being intimate, or they may be more likely to be in abusive relationships feeling thatthey have to settle. Obesity is a burden for the whole family, and due to genetics, there is usually more than one obese family member. Obesity comes with an assortment of associated disease processes thatcan be difficult to watch a person go through. As much as family members may be well-intentioned trying to help or support, it may fall on deaf ears. It can be very disappointing for family members to try and support their loved one and their loved one not heed the advice. Ways in which family members can be most supportive is by making healthy decisions themselves and getting everyone involved. Having healthy food in the house for everyone to eat, taking walks together, and even going to the gym together. A person with obesity may have limitations at their job. They could have lifting restrictions, an inability to move or require other special accommodations. A person with obesity in the workplace may require increased time off due to associated disease processes. They may
17Running head: PATHOPHARMACOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONSbe sick more often or need time to go to the doctor. The days off from work may cause a