He came up with Mormon or Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints o

He came up with mormon or church of jesus christ of

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the Book of Mormon inscribed on them. He came up with Mormon or Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints o antagonism toward Mormons emerged due to their polygamy, drilling militia, and voting as a unit o Smith was killed, but was succeeded by Brigham Young, who led followers to Utah o they grew quickly by birth and immigration from Europe o they had a federal governor and marched to Utah when Young became governor o the issue of polygamy prevented Utah’s entrance to U.S. until 1896 IV. Free School for a Free People 1. The idea of tax-supported, compulsory (mandatory), primary schools was opposed as a hand-out to paupers o Gradually, support rose because uneducated “brats” might grow up to be rabbles with voting rights o Free public education, triumphed in 1828 along with the voting power in the Jackson election o there were largely ill-taught and ill-trained teachers, however o Horace Mann fought for better schools and is the “Father of Public Education” o school was too expensive for many community; blacks were mostly left out from education 2. Important educators - Noah Webster (dictionary and Blueback Speller); William H. McGuffey — McGuffey’s Readers) V. Higher Goals for Higher Learning 1. The 2nd Great Awakening led to the building of small schools in the South the West (mainly for pride) o the curriculum focused mainly on Latin, Greek, Math, moral philosophy 2. The 1st state-supported university was founded in the Tar Heel state, the Univ. of North Carolina, in 1795; Jefferson started the University of Virginia shortly afterwards (UVA was to be independent of religion or politics) 3. women were thought to be corrupted if too educated and were therefore excluded 4. Emma Willard — established Troy Female Seminary (1821) and Mount Holyoke Seminary (1837) was established by Mary Lyon 5. Libraries, public lectures, and magazines flourished VI. An Age of Reform 1. reformers opposed tobacco, alcohol, profanity, and many other vices, and came out for women’s rights 2. women were very important in motivating these reform movements 3. reformers were often optimists who sought a perfect society
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o some were naïve and ignored the problems of factories o they fought for no imprisonment for debt (the poor were sometimes locked in jail for less than $1 debt); this was gradually abolished o reformers wanted criminal codes softened and reformatories created o the mentally insane were treated badly. Dorothea Dix fought for reform of the mentally insane in her classic petition of 1843 o there was agitation for peace (i.e. the American Peace Society) - William Ladd had some impact until Civil War and Crimean war VII. Demon Rum—The “Old Deluder” 1. drunkenness was widespread 2. The American Temperance Society was formed at Boston (1826) – the “Cold Water Army” (children), signed pledges, made pamphlets, and an anti-alcohol novel emerged called 10 nights in a Barroom and What I Saw There 3. Attack on the demon drink adopted 2 major lines attack… o stressed temperance (individual will to resist) o legislature-removed temptation - Neal S. Dow becomes the “Father of
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