Factors that increase the risk of obesity in children include paternal overweight and obesity, intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes, a history of maternal smoking and formula feeding as compared with breast feeding. The Freemark (2018), study also indicates that half of obese adolescents had become overweight or obese by 5-years of age. The third most powerful indicator of obesity in adolescence is an increase in BMI between the ages of 2 and 6 years of age. The fact that adolescent obesity manifests by 3-5years of age suggest that nutritional counseling is needed as early dietary intervention. Since parents are the gate keepers of children, they should be educated about a balanced diet eating more fruits and vegetables and also the need to increase physical activity in their lifestyle. A referral to a nutritionist can help the parents learn about better food choices which will trickle down to the child because if the parents are eating a healthy diet then they will also provide the same options
for the child. Increase in physical activity can also help the overweight parents and when they become more physically active the children are more likely to be more active.
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- Summer '15
- Nutrition, overweight and obesity