Factors that increase the risk of obesity in children include paternal

Factors that increase the risk of obesity in children

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Factors that increase the risk of obesity in children include paternal overweight and obesity, intrauterine exposure to maternal diabetes, a history of maternal smoking and formula feeding as compared with breast feeding. The Freemark (2018), study also indicates that half of obese adolescents had become overweight or obese by 5-years of age. The third most powerful indicator of obesity in adolescence is an increase in BMI between the ages of 2 and 6 years of age. The fact that adolescent obesity manifests by 3-5years of age suggest that nutritional counseling is needed as early dietary intervention. Since parents are the gate keepers of children, they should be educated about a balanced diet eating more fruits and vegetables and also the need to increase physical activity in their lifestyle. A referral to a nutritionist can help the parents learn about better food choices which will trickle down to the child because if the parents are eating a healthy diet then they will also provide the same options
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for the child. Increase in physical activity can also help the overweight parents and when they become more physically active the children are more likely to be more active.
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  • Summer '15
  • Nutrition, overweight and obesity

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