10-15-12 Social Ecology

Need some sort of economic base to function b

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Need some sort of economic base to function b. Juveniles often form interstitial groups that fill gaps within lives (help fill void due to lack of family support) 4. Residential mobility a. People are constantly moving into/out of the neighborhood b. Without long-time recognition/relationships, people form sparse local friendship networks 5. Urbanization a. City life creates social disorganization to some degree II. William Julius Wilson A. Background 1. Concerned with inner-city African-American community 2. Are the causes of black violent crime different? – No a. Both result from social disorganization b. However, elements of social disorganization are of a much greater magnitude for inner- city African-Americans c. By working in factories, some of them were able to save enough money to move out of the inner-city d. In 1970s, African-Americans became economically trapped in the inner-cities 3. Shaw & McKay described the city as a “naturally-developing ecosystem”, but this is not necessarily the case III. Summary A. Both material and cultural life must be understood within the context of the society
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