may be hypothesized to differ from a clinical group on personality traits. Athletes who scored low on negative perfectionism and a group of persons seeking treatment for a psychological disorder who scored high on negative perfectionism were included as comparison groups. We expected a significant negative relationship between negative perfectionism and agreeableness and between negative perfectionism and extraversion in both groups, and a significant positive association between positive perfectionism and these facets in both athlete and clinical samples. As no research has examined differences in personality facets between athletes and a clinical group, between-group differences in personality were exploratory. What variables (factors) are being looked at as an influence on personality? How are these factors assessed or measured in the article? The author used the following tests to determine personality factors: “The Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale (PANPS; Terry-Short et al., 1995). The PANPS is a 40-item self-report scale that was used to measure positive and negative perfectionism. It has good internal consistency in
samples of athletes, ranging 106 from .83 to .84 for positive perfectionism and .81 to .88 for negative perfectionism (Haase & Prapavessis, 2004; Haase, Prapavessis, & Owens 1999, 2002). Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders and Personality Disorders (SCID-I/P, Version 2.0; First, Spitzer, Gibbon, & Williams, 1996; SCID-II, Version 2.0; First, Spitzer, Gibbon, Williams, & Lorna, 1994). The SCID I/P was used to determine the axis I DSM-IV (APA, 1994) diagnoses for the clinical participants and the SCID-II was used to determine their Axis II diagnoses.
- Fall '15
- Psychology, Big Five personality traits, author claims