The Northwest Continuing his diplomatic successes on land issues in 1824 Adams

The northwest continuing his diplomatic successes on

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The Northwest Continuing his diplomatic successes on land issues, in 1824 Adams completed a treaty with Russia that defined the Oregon Territory southern boundary. The Monroe Doctrine During the French Revolution, Spain had ignored her Latin American colonies and they had rebelled against their motherland. By 1823, when it became apparent that Europe was willing to go to war to retake these colonies, Monroe issued a statement, known as the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the “New World” was no longer open to colonization by Europe. The United States did not have the military power to back it up; however, Great Britain, which approved of the decision, did. Slide 15: Massacre of the Whites by Indian and Blacks in Florida (1836) Published in a southerner’s account of the Seminole War, this is one of the earliest known depictions of African Americans and Native Americans fighting as allies. Slide 16: Presidential Politics Presidential Nominations In the election of 1824, with no political party to contend against, the Democratic-Republicans turned on themselves and ran four candidates for the presidency. The election resulted in no one winning an electoral majority, and the election was thrown into the House of Representatives. The “Corrupt Bargain” Once the election was thrown into the House, each state got one vote, regardless of how their citizens voted. In the end, John Quincy Adams won the presidency, though he had lost the popular vote and had come in second to Jackson on the electoral vote. He nominated his fellow candidate in 1824, Henry Clay,
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4 who was also the Speaker of the House, to be his secretary of state. As most past presidents had served as secretary of state, Jackson perceived this as a “Corrupt Bargain” struck by the two whereby Clay would use his influence in the House to secure Adams the presidency and Clay in turn would be made heir apparent. Slide 17: John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson John Quincy Adams As president, Adams supported bold internal improvements. Such a program, coupled with the unusualness of the 1824 election, resulted at the end of the Era of Good Feelings and the emergence of a new party, the National Republicans. The Election of Andrew Jackson Almost from the moment, the 1824 election ended in the decision by the House of Representatives, the 1828 election began. Jackson and his followers launched attacks on Adams’s character, to which the president’s supporters replied with equally blistering assaults. In the end, Jackson was elected to the presidency. Slide 18: John Quincy Adams Adams was a brilliant man but an ineffective leader. Slide 19: The Election of 1828 How did the two presidential candidates, John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, portray each other? Why did Jackson seem to have the advantage in the election of 1828? How did the broadening of suffrage affect the presidential campaign? “Why is happiness easy to kill, but sadness is hard” - Lisa Vega
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