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Examples: dating behavior, jury deliberations, student-faculty interactions INDIVIDUALITY IN SOCIAL CONTEXT DURKHEIM’S STUDY OF SUICIDE
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MORE LIKELY TO COMMIT MALE PROTESTANTS WHO WERE WEALTHY AND UNMARRIED HAD HIGHER SUICIDE RATES PROTESTANTISM AND INDIVDUALISM LESS LIKELY TO COMMIT MALE JEWS AND CATHOLICS WHO WERE POOR AND MARRIED BEING CATHOLIC AND GROUP-ORIENTATION ONE OF THE BASIC FINDINGS: WHY? THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THESE GROUPS HAD TO DO WITH “SOCIAL INTEGRATION” THOSE WITH STRONG SOCIAL TIES HAD LESS OF A CHANCE OF COMMITING SUICIDE STRUCTURAL -FUNCTIONALISM THE BASICS A MACRO-ORIENTED (LARGE-SCALE) PARADIGM VIEWS SOCIETY AS A COMPLEX SYSTEM WITH MANY INTERDEPENDENT PARTS THE PARTS WORK TOGETHER TO PROMOTE SOCIAL STABILITY AND ORDER MAJOR CHANGES TO THE SYSTEM’S PARTS IS NOT REQUIRED OR DESIRED; SYSTEM SEEKS TO MAINTAIN IT EQUILIBRIUM KEY ELEMENTS: SOCIAL STRUCTURE REFERS TO RELATIVELY STABLE PATTERNS OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR FOUND IN SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS SOCIAL FUNCTION REFERS TO THE CONSEQUENCES OF SOCIAL PATTERNS FOR SOCIETY ALL OF OUR INTERACTIONS CREATE A REACTION IN OURSELVES AND OTHERS. SOCIAL CONFLICT PARADIGM THE BASICS: A MACRO-ORIENTED PARADIGM VIEWS SOCIETY AS A STRUCTURED SYSTEM BASED ON INEQUALITY SOCIAL CONFLICT BETWEEN GROUPS OVER SCARCE RESOURCES IS THE NORM
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KEY ELEMENTS: SOCIETY IS STRUCTURED IN WAYS TO BENEFIT A FEW AT THE EXPENSE OF THE MAJORITY FACTORS SUCH AS RACE, SEX, CLASS, AND AGE ARE LINKED TO SOCIAL INEQUALITY DOMINANT GROUP VS. MINORITY GROUP RELATIONS INCOMPATIBLE INTERESTS AND MAJOR DIFFERENCES SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM SYMBOLIC INTERACTION IS A MICRO-ORIENTED PARADIGM, WHICH MEANS IT IS EFFECTIVELY USED WHEN ATTEMPTING TO UNDERSTAND SMALLER-SCALE SOCIAL PHENOMENA THE BASICS: THE VIEW THAT SOCIETY IS THE PRODUCT OF EVERYDAY INTERACTIONS PRINCIPLES: SOCIETY IS A COMPLEX MOSAIC OF UNDERSTANDING THAT EMERGES FROM THE VERY PROCESS OF INTERACTING Cultural Diversity SUBCULTURES GROUPS WHOSE CULTURAL PATTERNS SET THEM APART FROM WIDER SOCIETY RELIGIOUS CULTS, INNER-CITY TEENS, COWBOYS, THE AMISH, FARMERS, COUNTERCULTURES GROUPS WHOSE CULTURAL PATTERNS ARE AT GREAT ODDS WITH WIDER SOCIETY RADICAL MILITIA GROUPS, THE KLAN, SKINHEAD GROUPS, WOMEN’S MOVEMENT, HOMESCHOOLING, HIPPIE MOVEMENT NORMS RULES BY WHICH SOCIETY GUIDES THE BEHAVIOR OF ITS MEMBERS TYPES PROSCRIPTIVE WHAT WE “SHOULDN’T” DO PRESCRIPTIVE WHAT WE “SHOULD” DO
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UNDERSTANDING THE IMPORTANCE OF CULTURE CULTURE SHOCK DISORIENTATION DUE TO THE INABILITY TO MAKE SENSE OUT OF ONE’S SURROUNDINGS DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN TRAVEL ETHNOCENTRISM A BIASED “CULTURAL YARDSTICK” CULTURAL RELATIVISM MORE ACCURATE UNDERSTANDING INTERDEPENDENCE CULTURE INTEGRATION CHANGE IN ONE PART OF CULTURE MAY LEAD TO
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