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fashion. (Yero 2004) The Tea Act of 1773 allowed The British East India Trading Company to ship a surplus of tea directly to the Americas with out paying taxes on it. They wanted to undercut the tea that was smuggled and sold in the colonies. However, this low price was deceiving because if the tea was bought and resold, a hidden tax by Parliament was being agreed to. The colonists protested against this act because it infringed on their tea trade and created a monopoly for the Company. Most colonies refused to accept the tea, however Boston, Massachusetts was unable to stop shipments from arriving. The Sons of Liberty, a political groupof the time, dressed as Mohawk Indians, snuck onto a ship, and threw the tea into the Boston Harbor. As a direct response to this protest, Great Britain passed the Coercive, or Intolerable,
Acts as a punishment to Massachusetts. Britain was hoping that these acts would intimidate the colonist to submit to the authority of Parliament. Instead, the colonists’ hatred for Britain grew and they formed the Fist Continental Congress. (Yero 2004)Thomas Locke believed that the governed consented to be governed. If the government abused the people, that social contract could be broken and the government overthrown. (Nay 2001) When the founding fathers drafted the Declaration of Independence in 1776, they drew heavily on political ideas of Thomas Locke. Thomas Jefferson, the author of the Declaration, almost quoted Locke directly when describing man’s natural rights: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of theseends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, layingits foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seemmost likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. He also listed all of the abuses of the English government against the American colonies. Great Britain took away the natural rights of the colonist, and because they did so, the colonists had the right to abolish the unjust form of government and form a new one. This inevitable caused greater tension between Britain and the Americas. Eventually, the shot heard ‘round the world was fired, and the American Revolution began. (Yero 2004)After America won the Revolution, and was free from Great Britain, a new form of government was needed. There was a trial and error period where each state had its own separate governmentunder the Articles of Confederation. (Berstein 2009) This did not change until 1787, when the Constitution was ratified, and united all the states under one central government. The founding fathers drew heavily from the Enlightenment ideas of social contract while writing the Constitution. The Bill of Rights listed the basic rights men had and the government was