John C. Calhoun’s rationale that slavery benefited both the slaveholder and the slave (an inversion of Thomas Jefferson’s depiction of slavery as a “necessary evil”). A) Domestic slave trade B) Jim Crow C) Manifest Destiny D) Positive Good 13. Led the largest slave revolt in the history of the United States in Southampton County, Virginia, in 1831. A) Nat Turner B) David Walker C) Denmark Vesey D) Gabriel Prosser 14. Known for his “immediatist” position, this white abolitionist founded The Liberator in 1831 and called the U.S. Constitution a “pact with hell and a covenant with death” due to its sanctioning of human bondage. A) William Lloyd Garrison B) Frederick Douglass C) Elijah Lovejoy D) David Walker 15. Proposal in Congress that sought to ban slavery in all the western territories acquired during the Mexican War. A) Wilmot Proviso B) Spot Resolutions C) Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo D) Compromise of 1850 Matching (1 points each): 16. Sculptor and one of the most prolific African American artists of the late nineteenth century __Edmonia Lewis__________________ 17. A black entrepreneur (sailmaker) and social activist in late 18 th and early 19 th century Philadelphia, he helped fund William Lloyd Garrison’s abolitionist campaign ___James Forten________________________ 18. Free black mathematician and astronomer who helped design the District of Columbia, he corresponded with Thomas Jefferson on the issues of slavery and racial equality __Benjamin Banneker_______________________ 19. Black female poet and major figure of the Black Enlightenment __Phillis Wheatley______________________ 20. Black minister, educator, and activist, he founded of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia in 1794 __Richard Allen_________________________ 21. Militant abolitionist who wrote An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World (1829) ____David Walker____________________ 22. Black nationalist and minister who supported African American migration to Liberia _Henry Highland Garnet______________________
Megan Cosby 23. White northerner and inventor of the cotton gin (1793) _____Eli Whitney___________________________ 24. Led a failed slave revolt in Louisiana in 1811 __Charles Deslondes _______________________ 25. Runaway slave and acolyte of William Lloyd Garrison, this abolitionist formed his own newspaper, The North Star
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