France backs up bao dai by creating the state of

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as its capital (history.com)2. Mao Zedong takes power in China—Ho Chi Minh receives help from Communist China; US sees threat as communist gov’t of Russia, Eastern Europe, and China support oand Viet Minh (history.com)1950US President Harry Truman sends military personnel to the French in Vietnam after seeing Ho’s success against the French (ducksters.com, lschs.org) U.S. establishes diplomatic relations with Vietnam (state.gov)1954First Indo-china war ends at Dien Bien Phu battle with French defeat by Viet Minh forces(history.com), Vietnam War begins Geneva conference splits Vietnam along latitude of 17thparallel (Ho controls North while Bao controls South); calls for nationwide elections for reunification to be held in 1956 monitored by neutral countries (history.com, school.eb.com)1954Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes crash program to train S. Vietnamese army (lschs.org)1955strongly anti-communist Ngo Dinh Diem kicks Bao out and is elected as president of Government of the Republic of Vietnam with help of U.S. (Ducksters.com, history.com)President Eisenhower pledges firm support to Diem regime and South Vietnam (history.com)Diem’s security forces receive military training and equipment from American military and police; arrest 100,000 Viet Minh sympathizers in the South (history.com)1957Viet Cong and other opponents of Diem’s regime attack government officials and other targets (history.com)
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1959Ho Chi Minh declares war to unite Vietnam under one rule (Ducksters.com)1962President Kennedy states U.S. troops would remain in Vietnam until communism is abolished (lschs.org)1963U.S. military advisers begin to take a more direct role in war, more than 16,000 US military advisers in Vietnam, some authorized to aid in combat alongside Army of the Republic of Vietnam—U.S. aided (textbook pg. 790)Pres. Kennedy gives approval for military coup against Pres. Ngo Dinh Diem Ngo Dinh Diem executed, diminishes U.S. hope in the area (Ducksters.com)President Kennedy increases financial aid to Diem Regime in Saigon, increases “airdropping of raiding teams in N. Vietnam, and launches crop destruction by herbicides to starve Viet Cong and expose hiding places” (textbook pg. 790)1964President Johnson presents Gulf of Tonkin Resolution: “purpose was to approve and support determination of the president, as commander in chief, in taking all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and prevent further aggression” (school.eb.com)Proposed in reaction to North Vietnamese torpedo attack on destroyers Maddox and C.
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