Specificed or enumerated goods from colonies exported to England Tobacco

Specificed or enumerated goods from colonies exported

This preview shows page 9 - 11 out of 12 pages.

Specificed or enumerated goods from colonies exported to England. Tobacco original “enumerated” , list then expanded to colonial products Impact on the Colonies Positive:New England shipbuilding prospered, Chesapeake tobacco monopoly in England, English military protected colonies attacks against French & Spanish Negative: colonial manufacturing limited, Chesapeake farmers low prices for crops, colonists pay high price for goods Enforcement of the Acts British gov. lax enforcing rules & agents corrupt Crown try to overcome resistance to trade laws 1684 revoked Mass. Bay center smuggling activity The Dominion of New England James II crown 1685 Increase royal control combining into larger administrative units & removing assembly 1686 combined NY & New Jersey ( Dominion of NE) Sir Edmund Andros levy taxes, limit town meetings, revoking land titles The Glorious Revolution of 1688 removed James II from power & replacing him w/ 2 sovereign William & Mary Under separate charters now Permanent Restrictions Mercantatilist remained in is most significant? Why? Make mother country more wealthy (Great Britain) To grow in wealth and self-sufficiency Increase political power and private wealth With the exclusion of other empires Both reasons were extremely important to the British mercantile system. The main goal was to achieve a self-sufficiency. Their hope was to be able to reach this through the colonies of America and their colonists. Explain the political, economic, and cultural impact of the British mercantile system. Political - Having a strong economy is very key to a monarch's strength Economic - best times for Britain. They had the largest naval armada after the Spanish armada, and controlled shipping routes. They could trade around the world Cultural - with the new mercantile system also came cultural exchange with the new and old world
power;English officials Restrictions on colonial trade, poorly enforced THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY Key Concepts and Main Ideas Notes Analysis The British– American system of slavery developed out of the economic, demographic, and geographic characteristics of the British- controlled regions of the New World. Increased Demand for Slaves Reduced migration: increase wage in England reduced supply of immigrants to colonies Dependable work factor: large plantation owners disturbed political demands small farmers/ indentured servants. Slavery provide stable labor force under their control Cheap labor: tobacco prices fell, rice & indigo became profitable, required large land & cheap unskilled field hands Slave laws White colonists adopted laws to ensure Africans be held for bondage 1641 Mass. 1st colony slavery as lawful Virginia 1661 children inherited mothers slave status Baptism didn’t affect slave’s status, white women couldn’t marry black men Regard them socially inferior Triangular Trade English trade in African slaves by single company After expired merchants entered Follow a triangular. 3 trade New England part cross Atlantic Ocean, traded for hundred of captives, set out

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture