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Specificed or enumerated goods from colonies exported to England. Tobacco original “enumerated” , list then expanded to colonial products ●Impact on the Colonies ○Positive:New England shipbuilding prospered, Chesapeake tobacco monopoly in England, English military protected colonies attacks against French & Spanish ○Negative: colonial manufacturing limited, Chesapeake farmers low prices for crops, colonists pay high price for goods ●Enforcement of the Acts ○British gov. lax enforcing rules & agents corrupt ○Crown try to overcome resistance to trade laws ○1684 revoked Mass. Bay center smuggling activity ●The Dominion of New England ○James II crown 1685 ○Increase royal control combining into larger administrative units & removing assembly ○1686 combined NY & New Jersey ( Dominion of NE) ○Sir Edmund Andros levy taxes, limit town meetings, revoking land titles ○The Glorious Revolution of 1688 removed James II from power & replacing him w/ 2 sovereign William & Mary ○Under separate charters now ●Permanent Restrictions ○Mercantatilist remained in is most significant? Why? Make mother country more wealthy (Great Britain) To grow in wealth and self-sufficiency Increase political power and private wealth With the exclusion of other empires Both reasons were extremely important to the British mercantile system. The main goal was to achieve a self-sufficiency. Their hope was to be able to reach this through the colonies of America and their colonists. Explain the political, economic, and cultural impact of the British mercantile system. Political - Having a strong economy is very key to a monarch's strength Economic - best times for Britain. They had the largest naval armada after the Spanish armada, and controlled shipping routes. They could trade around the world Cultural - with the new mercantile system also came cultural exchange with the new and old world
power;English officials ○Restrictions on colonial trade, poorly enforced THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY Key Concepts and Main Ideas Notes Analysis The British– Americansystem of slavery developedout of the economic,demographic, andgeographic characteristics ofthe British- controlledregions of the New World.●Increased Demand for Slaves ○Reduced migration: increase wage in England reduced supply of immigrants to colonies ○Dependable work factor: large plantation owners disturbed political demands small farmers/ indentured servants. Slavery provide stable labor force under their control ○Cheap labor: tobacco prices fell, rice & indigo became profitable, required large land & cheap unskilled field hands ●Slave laws ○White colonists adopted laws to ensure Africans be held for bondage ○1641 Mass. 1st colony slavery as lawful ○Virginia 1661 children inherited mothers slave status ○Baptism didn’t affect slave’s status, white women couldn’t marry black men ○Regard them socially inferior ●Triangular Trade ○English trade in African slaves by single company ○After expired merchants entered ○Follow a triangular. 3 trade ○New England part cross Atlantic Ocean, traded for hundred of captives, set out