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Patient Factor: EthnicityEthnicity: While there has been a steady decline in both anemia types, there are disparities between races, whites account for 3.3%, blacks 24.4% and Mexican Americans 8.7%. Dietary behaviors, medical access, and economic status are thought to play an important role[Mah08]. Patient Factors: Age and Behavior (Diet)Age/behavior: Iron deficiency anemia is common in the elderly and is thought to be a normal process of aging [Meh17]. Folate deficiency is also prevalent in the elderly due to inadequate dietary intake or the reduced mental capacity to eat. Proper dietary intake is important to prevent both anemias, as nutrition is the first line of defense for prevention without an abnormal underlying cause such as cancer or a genetic disorder, or alcoholism [Kou17].
ReferencesHammer, G. D., & McPhee, S. J. (2014). Pathophysiology of disease: An introduction to clinical medicine(7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Medical.Huether, S., & McCance, K. (2017). Understanding Pathophysiology.St. Louis: Elsevier.Koury, M., Wheeler, A., & Mohammed, S. (2017, November 14). Epocrates. Retrieved from Epocrates: Maakaron, J. (2017, November 9). Medscape. Retrieved from Medscape: Mahoney, D. (2008). Anemia in at-risk populations. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 88(6), 1457-1458. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26965Mehta, A. (2017, November 13). Epocrates. Retrieved from Epocrates: Vega, K. (2017). Medscape. Retrieved from Medscape: htpp://emedicine.medscape.com
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Hemoglobin, Iron deficiency anemia, Folate Deficiency Anemia