When it comes to the construction of green buildings some of the weaknesses of

When it comes to the construction of green buildings

This preview shows page 55 - 57 out of 136 pages.

cumulative learning is limited. When it comes to the construction of green buildings, some of the weaknesses of the innova- tion process will need to be overcome. New com- binations of technologies and disciplines may like-wise help develop new forms of housing that are comfortable and aesthetic as well as sustainable. Governments are already setting new standards to ensure that more ambitious plans are prepared in collaboration with experts and citizens. Rather than being prescriptive, standards should aid a goal-oriented approach while leaving room for creativity. Urbanisation and city growth are major pro- cesses of economic change, both in the South and the North. With regard to urban planning and development, there are large untapped pos- sibilities for saving energy by improving hous-ing, transport, and waste management and, more generally, the improvement of urban infrastruc- ture and urban order. Urbanisation can become a major road to energy saving in which city-based LICS may have a crucial role to play. Conversely, Box 6. International cooperation on sustainable waste management in Dhaka Bangladesh is one of the least developed economies of the world. Under normal circumstances, the country holds little attraction for waste manage-ment projects. The Waste Concern Group, a Bang-ladeshi social business enterprise, has established a successful partnership with World Wide Recycling (WWR) BV of the Netherlands, a subsidiary of a medium-sized integrated firm with diverse waste management expertise. The partners run their ac-tivities under two joint ventures operating waste recycling and waste-to- energy projects. WWR and Waste Concern Group became pio-neers by registering the first Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project focusing on organic waste composting. The CDM project has resulted in an organic waste handling practice based on composting. The compost plant obtains organic waste from the population of Dhaka through direct collection from vegetable markets. The resulting higher-yield, lower-cost compost is sold to farm-ers, and the carbon credits obtained are sold on the international market. The fact that city authorities bear no costs is a critical aspect of this model. Waste collection is done free of cost; processing takes place on land owned by Waste Concern Group. Sources: Waste Concern Group (2004); Doranova (2013). LOW-CARBON INNOVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 47
Image of page 55
under-investment in low-carbon solutions in the development of new (mega) cities will come at a high cost, both financially and in terms of envi- ronment and climate change. As described in Box 6, there are international collaboration projects in this field under the auspices of the clean develop-ment mechanism (CDM). This brief discussion of the potential role of various kinds of innovation in low-carbon devel- opment has indicated the need for new kinds of LICS. Stronger attention should be given to the ways in which innovation affect the amount and type of energy used. Performance indicators for measuring progress would have to be changed, and consumers would have to find new ways to satisfy their need for stimulation and newness.
Image of page 56
Image of page 57

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 136 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes