121 iceland act supra note 95 iii art 7 122 id tv id

Info icon This preview shows pages 22–25. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
121. Iceland Act, supra note 95, § III, art. 7. 122. Id. § TV, art. 13. 123. Id. §§ III, art. 7, VI, art. 19; see also Applications for Payments from the Maternity/Paternity Leave Fund, FiEDINGARORLOFSSJODUR, http://www.faedingarorlof. is/umsoknir--eydublod/application- for-payments-from-the-childbirth -leave-fund/ (last visited Feb. 2, 2014) (providing links to applications for payments from the Maternity/Paternity Leave Fund for mothers and fathers, as well as applications for childbirth subsidies for unemployed parents and students). 124. See discussion supra Part IV. 2015]
Image of page 22

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HOUSTON JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW persons and students, it could serve as a model for extending FMLA protection to a greater number of families. 125 Additionally, Iceland's provision of paid family leave serves as one method by which paid leave could be enacted in the United States. 126 Lastly, the Icelandic law provides an interesting model for implementing a family leave law that is not expressly gender-neutral, yet provides a system by which both parents can take leave in a manner that is most suitable for their individual family. 127 A. Broad Applicability Iceland's law has broader applicability than FMLA in that it applies to nearly all parents who are employed and even to parents who are not active in the labor market, as well as to parents who are unemployed students. 128 To qualify for payments from the Maternity/Paternity Leave Fund under the employment provisions, employees need only to have worked for any employer in the labor market for six consecutive months, rather than the twelve months with the same employer required by FMLA. 129 In Iceland, the duration of leave that will be permitted between parents when the 2012 amendments fully go into effect-one year13 0 -is twice as long as the maximum possible aggregate duration of six months in the United States, 131 supporting the Iceland Act's stated goal of giving children access to both parents. 132 One study found that the majority of Icelandic fathers who took paternity leave believed taking the 125. See discussion infra Part V.A. 126. See discussion infra Part V.B. 127. See discussion infra Part V.C. 128. See Iceland Act, supra note 95, § I, art. 1 (detailing the scope of the Iceland Act). 129. Id. § IV, art. 13; Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993, 29 U.S.C. § 2611(2)(A)(i) (2012). 130. See Iceland Act, supra note 95, § IV, art. 8 (stating that each parent is individually entitled to five months of paternity leave with a joint entitlement of two months, totaling twelve months of maternity/paternity leave). 131. 29 U.S.C. § 2612(a)(1) (assuming both parents are eligible for FMLA leave and both choose to take the full three months). 132. Iceland Act, supra note 95, § I, art. 2. [Vol. 37:1
Image of page 23
ENCOURAGING WORK-FAMILY BALANCE leave helped them better understand their children's needs and feel more emotionally connected with their children, suggesting the Iceland Act is achieving its goal in this area.
Image of page 24

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 25
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern