Art 101 Assignment 9 11-28-17.docx

These new regulations that made the skyscrapers be

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These new regulations that made the skyscrapers be set back allowed for natural light and air to
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surround the bottom of the building. If all Skyscrapers in New York were built like the Equitable building it would be like an elaborate system of tunnels known as streets. In 1930, the race to the top was at full speed and this gave us the masterpiece known as the Chrysler Building, which was adorned with hub caps and a spire that made it taller than any other building for a very short period of time until the Empire State Building was opened soon after. Skyscrapers were not just office buildings they were pieces of art. Skyscrapers took on lives of their own. The Empire State Building was to be 1250 feet tall and weigh 365,000 tons. This building was primarily made of steel. They even built in excess strength to the building. They were building about a floor a day, and was connected by rivets. The building also had a lot of limestone granite around the building. They built the building around the clock. The Financers only wanted their money tied up for only 18 months. The advent of air conditioning allowed buildings cool the core of the building which allowed the distance between the elevator and the window to be much larger and hold more people. Another invention of the skyscraper was the revolving door, this was invented to stop air from rushing into the buildings at the bottom. The skyscrapers of the 1930’s were the last really heavy buildings. After World War II the building materials were scarce and this drove up the price of them. This led to the need for a more cost efficient and lighter buildings. But this led to another new problem which was the force of the wind. Wind wants to make the building bend or fall over. The key development was when they got rid of a lot of the masonry and started putting curtain walls into the building. These steel curtains take the brunt of the wind. The buildings were then taken to wind tunnels so architects could build buildings with some sway but not enough disable a building. This led to the hollow tube invention which was used in the World Trade Center. The Willis Tower in Chicago which is a quarter mile high uses 9 of these hallow
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tubes. They say they can build a building twice the size of the Sears Tower. It truly is funny that the Super Tall’s discussed in the film are actually being built today in the Middle East and Asia.
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  • Fall '17
  • Amanda G. Chao
  • Empire State building, Chrysler Building, Skyscraper

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