4.ABBREVIATED_history_of_cities_and_urban_

Bertha palmer owned the palmer house hotel hotel was

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Bertha Palmer; owned the Palmer House Hotel Hotel was social center of Chicago Bertha was “face” of the 1892 Worlds Fair White City” Columbian Exposition.
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Levy; Chapters 3 and 4: History of Planning 1800s cities grew rapidly with little public control over growth; “planning” was controlled by the commercial elite of the city that focused on commercial centers and industrial growth; Ignored residential areas particularly neighborhood with high concentrations of poor and immigrants;
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Pressure for Reforms Corruption, disease, lack of police protection, concentration of wealth and poverty (sunshine and shadow), sanitation, traffic congestion; These issues plus other led for the need to address negative aspects of city; That resulted from massive urban growth, industrial revolution, immigrants coming in from other countries;
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Major Reforms Sanitary reform Urban open space Housing reform Municipal improvement City beautiful movement Public Control over private property
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Sanitary Reform Sanitary conditions appalling; Menace to public health; Water from streams and wells contaminated; Diseases such as cholera, typhoid, malaria, yellow fever… Sewers designed to carry away storm water and runoff;
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Sanitary Reform “water carriage” sewer system developed in the mid 1800s; Worked by gravity;
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