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Court affirmed Roosevelt’s Sherman Act, suppressing free competition. He also ordered Northern Security trust broken up to competing lines, giving Roosevelt the title “trustbuster”1902 speeches, Roosevelt wants to expand govt. power to supervise corporations. He opened upDepartment of Commerce in cabinet, and added funds to Department of Justice. This would be the last of his antitrust reformsConversation in NatureRoosevelt loved nature, and saw a bird not in its migration season. He also loved hunting with sportsmanship, especially bears, which toy producers made the teddy bearBefore VP, Roosevelt published The Strenuous Life, wanting nature preservation for future generationsTR said to congress to preserve forests. Some cheered; Western Senators didn’t want their money used for it. Roosevelt as president had 43 million acres included in U.S. forest reservesHe appointed rough rider David E. Warford to protect the 4.15 acres of federal land, and Gifford Pinchot to be head of division of forestry1906-1908, Roosevelt used Antiquities act 1906 to declare redwood trees in San Francisco, the Muir Woods National monument, Grand Canyon National monument/Pinnacles National Monument, and Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah, and MORE1907, Senator Charles W. Fulton, Republican, amendment to Department of Agriculture said thatno more forest reserves of expansions of reserves, unless passed through Congress. Roosevelt had to approve to continue funds to the department, and 21 new forest reserves came. Later Roosevelt signed the bill, saying no additional forests to be createdRoosevelt and African-Americans
Roosevelt invited Booker T. Washington, to white House, also for Dinner. Washington controlled a block of Republican delegates in nominating conventions ever sincePress had some positive reports, some outrageRoosevelt didn’t mention disenfranchisement or lynching, with little follow upRoosevelt’s Continuing PopularityRoosevelt had vitality, and had an enthusiastic family. His daughter Alice charmed many in Washington society. His younger children did/played many activities in the white houseRoosevelt won reelection with lots of popularity, but didn’t seek an expected third term, and wanted to appoint secretary of war William Howard TafTaft Wins, Taft Loses- The Elections of 1908 and 1912Taft was anticipated to continue Roosevelt’s programs 1908. He lost horribly in 1904, but won easily over Bryan’s Democratic, and Debs’ Socialist partyTaft’s Administration, Taft’s PoliciesTaft wanted his own people, disappointing Roosevelt, replacing Interior Secretary Garfield with Ballinger, who wanted to exploit land rather than preserving them; but kept PinchotTaft called Congress 1909 to lower tariff rates, due to the poor not able to survive. Income and inheritance taxes would be a different way to pay for government, but not all agreed, like Senator Nelson Aldrich and House Joe CannonNY rep. Sereno Payne reduced tariff rate and substituted income tax. Aldrich dropped income tax