the mind can distinctly and visibly comprehend (Descartes, 2010). For him, notions are obvious when his mind has a shrill logical understanding of them and discrete when all ideas belonging tothese are absolutely excluded from them. He alludes God to be infinitely perfect through the use of Causation Principle. Also, Descartes elaborates in one of his Meditations the reason why God cannot be a liar and articulates that if he has a distinct and clear conception, then it has to be factual because if otherwise, then God would be a deceiver and this is a contradiction from His
DESCARTES’S VS. LEIBNIZ’S PHILOSOPHIES3infinite perfection. Therefore, Descartes’s initial principles states and implies that if he has discrete and clear notion, then God has created it and it must be genuine. To some extent, Leibniz concurs with Descartes that God is a boundless substance which made and protects the finite world. However, Leibniz differs with Descartes about the essential components of the world. The latter believes that there are profoundly two finite substances, the minds and bodies. In the contrary, Leibniz disagrees that there are no bodies or extended substances. He argues that nothing extended qualifies to be a substance since it lacks unity. In other words, Leibniz implies that to be extended is to be alienated into parts and ultimately to be an aggregate (Leibniz, 1989). In this light, Leibniz suggests that there is a whole continuum of
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