Her reputation begins to grow and most publically celebrated scientists with her discovery (30 mins left) ● Claims that she misunderstood the samoan culture ● Greater emphasis on female virginity ○ Could of misrepresented her views and ignored the changes that took place between the mead’s work and his own within the samoans ○ Not talking to the girls but talking to the chief ○ He was doing exactly what she was doing but she was older in which they didn’t look at the whole picture and looking at a small portion and then drawing conclusions for this ○ Changes in which what was happening during these periods and what was affecting these people (is this factor true then) ○ SAMOANS lying then possibly to Mead → other people saying that premarital sex being prohibited with samoan customs and christian people → double standard in samoa (men having as most sex as possible but sisters etc. not to have any sex guarded and protected life) Mead not documenting pre-marital pregnancies PDF: → freeman stating that mead’s informants were joking with her but she took it seriously and went to these people stating → seen that the analysis of mead’s relationship that she wasn’t an informant for her (the people freeman said) No evidence that mead herself was hoaxed Margaret Mead certainly faced certain criticisms waged against her, regarding her fieldwork in Samoa. She arrived in Samoa to ask specific questions addressed by her mentor, Boas, about the difficulties of
adolescent girls with psychological changes in puberty. Essentially, she questioned if this is impacted by the civilization in which girls grew up or is it strictly influenced by biological processes. The answer of this question would then aid in the battle of eugenics or nature vs. nurture argument. Mead went to Samoa, in her field work she stayed in a hotel and studied the language. She then moved to a small remote island and lived with an American family. With her findings of studying the Samoan girls, she found that they didn’t face sexual problems because they never get too deeply involved with their sexual partners. Additionally she found that the Samoans have no intentions about anything, no strong bonds between family, their society isn’t competitive in nature, and no natural disasters are a threat. Due to this finding, Mead is agreeing that this can be explain in no terms as biological and strictly cultural. Criticisms were faced against her work due to how she performed her fieldwork. These criticisms include that she should have stayed longer in the Samoan islands to gather more information or gone back to the islands to assure her argument or portrayal is valid. Mead never again visits the island or revises her work. Additionally, according to the film, Mead didn’t get a true first hand account of the Samoan society, seeming to not truly participate in the culture by staying with the people of the society and staying with Americans.
- Spring '14
- Anthropology, Maya civilization