Text reference p 1082 which nursing intervention is

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Text Reference - p. 1082 Which nursing intervention is beneficial to the patient who presents with renal trauma caused by a sports injury? 1 Restricting dietary salt 2 Maintaining fluid restriction 3 Performing a follow-up urine culture 4 Assessing the cardiovascular status and monitoring for shock
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40. 2 With a nephrostomy tube, if the tube is occluded and irrigation is prescribed, the nurse should use 5 mL or less of sterile saline to irrigate it gently. The patient with a ureteral catheter may be kept on bed rest after insertion, but this is unrelated to obstruction. Only sterile solutions are used to irrigate any type of urinary catheter. With a suprapubic catheter, the patient should be instructed to turn from side to side to ensure patency. Text Reference - p. 1094 The nurse is caring for a patient with a nephrostomy tube. The tube has stopped draining. After receiving prescriptions, what should the nurse do? 1 Keep the patient on bed rest 2 Use 5 mL of sterile saline to irrigate 3 Use 30 mL of water to gently irrigate 4 Have the patient turn from side to side 41. 2 Partial occlusion of one of the renal arteries indicates renal stenosis, which is caused by fibromuscular hyperplasia. A renal arteriogram is the most beneficial diagnostic tool to diagnose renal stenosis. Renal ultrasound, CT, and MRI are also used to diagnose renal stenosis but are considered to be of secondary importance. Text Reference - p. 1082 Which is the most beneficial diagnostic tool to diagnose the condition of a patient admitted with fibromuscular hyperplasia who is suspected of having partial occlusion of one of the renal arteries? 1 Renal ultrasound 2 Renal arteriogram 3 Computed tomography (CT) 4 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 42. 3 Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, and Proteus are microorganisms that make urine alkaline and contribute to the formation of struvite stones with staghorn configuration. Administration of antimicrobial agents such as acetohydroxamic acid is administered to treat the struvite stone renal calculi. Allopurinol is administered to prevent hyperuricemia and formation of calcium oxalate renal stones. Potassium citrate is administered to maintain alkaline urine that has calcium oxalate crystals entrapped in the kidney. Alpha-penicillamine and tiopronin are given to prevent cystine crystallization. Text Reference - p. 1077 Which medication is prescribed for a patient with alkaline urine and struvite stones in the kidney? 1 Allopurinol 2 Potassium citrate 3 Acetohydroxamic acid 4 Alpha-penicillamine and tiopronin
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43. 1, 2, 3 A low-protein diet should be maintained. An elevation in BUN is evidence of an increase in nitrogenous wastes in the patient. A low-sodium diet is necessary to control the patient's edema; this edema is due to decreased glomerular filtration. A fluid-restricted diet will also help control fluid retention, because the patient has edema. A nonvegetarian diet is not advisable, because it is rich in protein; the patient has elevated BUN levels and a low-protein diet should be maintained. Increased fruit juices should be
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  • Summer '18
  • NONE
  • urinary tract infection

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