final exam notes 2 and quizlets.docx

Considered women passive and weak and were educated

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Considered women passive and weak and were educated to make men happy and help them in their work. o Thought that in terms of education that from birth to age 4 you develop the physical (run, play). About age 5-12 they become more physical in development and do more things through nature, tech them the rituals and practices and isolating them from the evils of society. Age 12-14 they began formal study that interested them. In early adult they get more religious and moral training and learn to be more social. Native Americans People today who make a living in nature settings (canoeing, whitewater rafting, fishing, outdoor adventure work) -a naturalist would: believe education was simple from the beginning of man 6. Pragmatism -popular during the 1800’s- early 1900’s -All about being practical and being busy, active. Being practical and applying yourself to something -Experience is the key to life, the only way to find the truth Allowing experiences to help you grow and find yourself
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Truth is flexible - believe in change Today’s truth is tomorrow’s falsehood -Pragmatism in Kinesiology varied program- lots of challenges & problems (dance, boating, camping, outdoor activities, sports) students learn self control & discipline activities are socializing in nature program is determined by learner needs They would say no to calisthenics Create activities for need and interests of the learner Learning is best achieved through problem solving method o The teacher is the motivator and guides students in making correct choices but doesn’t tell them directly Not as interested in test scores & performance, more in behavior change & student developing the ability to make adjustments in changing situations A way to deal with the social unrest because of the rapid change in American society -Famous pragmatist philosophers Charles Pierce : (1839-1914) o coined the word Pragmatic John Dewey : (1859-1952) o everything humans know is subject to change o learning how to think is the most important goal in life 7. Existentialism
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-All about individuality: human existence is the only reality people are what they cause themselves to be individuals are more important than society -Allows people to develop own system of values rather being told values by society self respect is gained by choosing your own ideals & values & accepting responsibility for them People should have their own philosophies of life -They forfeit individualism when they allow someone to change what they believe. -a modern philosophy that didn’t evolve from any ancient philosophies -Became popular after WWII -In kinesiology: Offer wide variety of individual activities Play develops creativity Students know themselves Teacher is counselor Self evaluation indifferent to measure Difficult curriculum to develop and carry out because of the “mandates in education” -an existentialist would: consider the essence of the sport a handicap to their own existence
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