When they returned home many were determined to fight to end segregation The

When they returned home many were determined to fight

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When they returned home, many were determined to fight to end segregation. The Tuskegee Airmen and the bravery and sacrifice of other African American members of the military opened the door for the desegregation (combining of the races) of the military in the postwar period. While many South Carolinians served in the armed forces, many others were not fit for service. One third of white men and one half of black men were either illiterate (could not read or write) or in poor health. However war mobilization (actions to help with the war effort) meant more jobs, and so the wartime population of South Carolina cities grew. Farmers were shorthanded because young men were at war or had moved to cities for jobs causing women and children to work in the fields to bring in crops. South Carolinians collected scrap metal and rubber for the war effort. They used ration books to get their portion of the short supply of food and fuel. They bought war bonds (sold by the United States government) to fund the war effort. When the war was over, they had savings which they used to buy automobiles and other goods that were not
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available during the war. When V-E Day and V-J Day (end to the war in Europe and in
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