This is a leader-centered approach that focuses on a person’s individual abilities and skills. It suggests that a person’s ability to become a leader is determined by their skills and abilities According to the skill theory, if you want people to follow you, you need to have three skills. Those skills include technical skills: being good in your field of work having effective techniques, practices, tools, and processes. Human/people skills: communication and attention to people in an organization and having skills such as diplomacy and persuasion. Lastly, connectional skills: the ability to see the ‘big picture’ of an organization and use abstract ideas to set strategic initiatives. Confidence can be gained as a result of understanding skills and developing them
over time to be a successful leader. This skill can be gained through experience which gives the understanding of how to interact with people, their behavior, attitudes and feelings as well as an unending supply of motivation. In order to become an effective leader, one is required to possess knowledge as well as various skills and abilities. Unlike the trait approach, which insists on inherent characteristics, the skills approach asserts that skills can be learned and acquired. Each leader in an organization is never given the role to be a leader, for example, you cannot go into an organization with the mindset that you’re a leader and you want start leading peers, subordinates, or supervisors, he or she must have the qualities and experience to be able to take on the role of leading others. One of the major benefits in the skills theory is that anyone can become a leader through the set of skills and developmental stages in an organization. A leader is selected by his or her peers that feel comfortable in taking opinions and direction from that person. A leader is a role model, a person that can be accountable, reliable, honest and loyal to the organization and those employed there. Behavioral approach in leadership focuses more on the behaviors of the leaders than on who the leaders are. According to the approach any leader engages in different behaviors, relationship behaviors and task behavior. Relationship behaviors enables the followers to be free and comfortable with one another and task behaviors support the leaders to realize their set goals. The main aim of the approach is indicating that the leaders engage the task and relationship behaviors to influence the followers towards realizing the set goals. This theory suggests that leadership is characterized by an array of styles and behaviors. Behaviorists indicate that there are three major styles of leadership: democratic, authoritarian, and laissez-faire. Democratic leadership style is displayed through a collective process of decision-making. Authoritative leadership is whereby a leader influences, followers through dictatorship. Laissez-faire on the other hand is whereby a leader is passive during decision- making (Guzman, n.d.). These leadership styles indicate that the behavioral approach focuses on
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- Fall '13