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B direct only. C offset only. D parallel or direct. Explanation: When approaching the VOR in the arc between the 052° radial and the 162° radial, entry would be a sector 1 or parallel entry. When approaching the VOR in the arc between the 342° radial and the 052° radial, entry would be a sector 2 or offset (teardrop) entry. The aircraft is approaching along the 052° radial (tracking 232°M inbound to the VOR) so it has the choice of an offset or a parallel entry. Question 629: General provisions for ATS - obstacle clearance. When does Air Traffic Control Services have the responsibility to prevent collisions with terrain? A When a flight in accordance with IFR is vectored by radar. B Always when ATS are provided. C ATS only provides prevention when an aircraft is flying IFR in IMC. D ATS never prevent collisions with terrain. Explanation: ICAO Document 4444 Air Traffic Management Page 8-8 para 18.104.22.168: "When vectoring an IFR flight and when giving a IFR flight a direct routing which takes the aircraft off an ATS route, the radar controller
shall issue clearances such that the prescribed obstacle clearance will exist at all times until the aircraft reaches a point where the pilot will resume own navigation. When necessary, the minimum radar vectoring altitude shall include a correction for low temperature effect." Question 630: General provisions for ATS - Content of voice position reports (according Doc4444). A complete position report transmitted by radiotelephony shall contain the following elements of information in the order listed. A 1) Aircraft identification, 2) position, 3) time, 4) flight level or altitude, 5) next position and time over, 6) ensuing significant point. B 1) Aircraft identification, 2) position, 3) flight level or altitude, 4) time, 5) next position and time over, 6) ensuing significant point. C 1) Aircraft identification, 2) position, 3) time, 4) flight level or altitude, 5) next position, 6) time over. D 1) Aircraft identification, 2) position, 3) time, 4) true air speed, 5) flight level or altitude, 6) next position and time over. Explanation: NO Question 631: General provisions - handling an ATC-flight plan in case of a delay. In the event of a delay of a controlled flight, the submitted flight plan should be amended or cancelled and a new flight plan submitted when the delay is in excess of: A 30 minutes of the estimated time off blocks. B 60 minutes of the estimated time off blocks. C 30 minutes of the estimated time of departure. D 60 minutes of the estimated time of departure. Explanation: You must submit the flight plan at least 60 minutes before EOBT but it can be amended up to 30 minutes before EOBT. Question 632: You may act as a flight instructor to carry out flight instruction for the issue of a PPL A With a valid licence plus flight instructor rating B With a PPL plus CPL theory C With a CPL D With a PPL plus flight instructor rating Explanation: For a licence to be valid to act as a PPL flying instructor you must have a PPL and have passed the CPL theory exams; a PPL on its own is insufficient.