2 nd edbyMeyerJSQuenzer LF2013 byLLIversen2 nd ed2008Ch1

2 nd edbymeyerjsquenzer lf2013 bylliversen2 nd

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2 nd ed.,byMeyerJS&Quenzer LF,2013
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TheSciencesofMarijuana ,byL.L.Iversen,2 nd ed.,2008.Ch.1 CannabisPreparationsandTHCContent (Spanishfor“withoutseed”)
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Inhalation (SmokingorVaporizing): most efficientwayofingestingcannabis,e.g. marijuanajoint;waterpipeorbong;Indian claypipe(chilam);vaporizers(forvaporizing) Oralconsumption (EatingorDrinking):much slowerabsorption,e.g.cannabistinctures (alcohol‐basedcannabisextract;e.g.Green Dragon) ConsumptionofCannabis
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TimelineofCannabisUse Psychopharmacology:Drugs,theBrain,andBehavior .2 nd ed., byMeyerJS&Quenzer LF,2013
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Rev.Bras.Psiquiatr. vol.28 no.2 SãoPaulo June 2006 AgeoftheBeginningofCannabisUseasaMedicine
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Earliestwrittenaccountofmedicalcannabisisfoundin Shen‐Nung Pen‐ts’as Ching ,theChinesepharmacopoeiaattributedtothe mythicalChinesedeityShen‐Nung wholived~2700BC Cannabis wasintroducedtoWesternmedicinein1838byWilliam BrookeO’Shaughnessy,anIrishphysicianservinginIndia,and around1840byJacques‐JosephMoreau,aFrenchpsychiatrist Frommid‐19 th centuryuntil1937,cannabisenjoyedabriefvoguein Westernmedicine In1937,theUSCongresspassedthe MarihuanaTaxAct ,banning anyfurtheruseofthedruginmedicine(andalsoprohibitingthe productionofhemp) In1941,CannabiswasremovedfromtheAmericanpharmacopoeia In1970,Congressplacedcannabisinto ScheduleI ofControlled Substances KeyHistoricalFactsofMedicalCannabis
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ScheduleI Thisisthetoptierofcompoundsinthe ControlledSubstances Act .PlacementinScheduleImeans: Thedrugorothersubstancehasnocurrentlyaccepted medicaluseintreatmentintheUnitedStates Thereisalackofacceptedsafetyforuseofthedrugor othersubstanceundermedicalsupervision Thereisahighpotentialforabuse Examples :Heroin,LSD, Marijuana ,MDMA(Ecstasy), methaqualone(Quaalude).
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AsofJanuary2019,atotalof33 states,the DistrictofColumbia, GuamandPuertoRico haveapproveda comprehensivepublicmedicalmarijuana/cannabis programs. Ten of thesestatesandtheDistrictofColumbiahavealsolegalizedcannabisforrecreationaluse. ModifiedfromfiguremadebyLokal_Profil,CCBY‐SA2.5, LegalityofCannabisintheUnitedStates Medical+Recreational(10) Medicalonly(23) LimitedMedicalAccess(14) Prohibitedforanyuse(3) Decriminalized D
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PercentageofMedicalCannabisPatientsReportedby ConditioninColoradoandOregon,July2016 NOTE:Patientsmayreportmultiplequalifyingailments. SOURCES:AdaptedfromCDPHE,2016;OHA,2016. NationalAcademiesReport,1/2017
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Inadditiontothegrowingavailabilityoflegalizedcannabis, therehasalsobeenarapidexpansioninthetypesof availablecannabisproducts,includingedibles,oils,anda varietyofinhaledsubstances. Thegrowingacceptance,accessibility,anduseofcannabis raiseimportantpublichealthconcernsand thereisaclear needtoestablishwhatisknownandwhatneedstobe knownaboutthehealtheffectsofcannabisuse .
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