Networks clusters and transfers ict and internet

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Networks, clusters and transfers ICT and Internet infrastructures Skills for innovation Top/Bottom 5 OECD values Middle range of OECD values OECD median China ICT investment (per GDP) (k) Fixed broadband subscriptions (per population) (l) Wireless broadband subscriptions (per population) (m) E-government development index (n) Industry financed public R&D expenditure (per GDP) (o) Patents filed by universities and public labs (per GDP) (p) International co-authorship (%) (q) International co-invention (%) (r) Tertiary education expenditure (per GDP) (s) Adult population at tertiary education level (%) (t) Top adult performers in technology problem solving (%) (u) Doctoral graduate rate in science and engineering (%) (w) Top 15-year-old performers in science (%) (v) Panel 1. Comparative performance of national science and innovation systems, 2014 b. Interactions and skills for innovation
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III.9. STI COUNTRY PROFILES: CHINA OECD SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY OUTLOOK 2014 © OECD 2014 294 National Plan for Science and Technology Talent Develop- ment (2010-20) addresses the business sector’s need for innovative personnel, by supporting mobility of the highly skilled and by investing in innovation platforms and national key labs to cultivate talented, leading R&D person- nel. Living allowances and funding for postdoctoral research in enterprises are provided as well. Highlights of the Chinese STI system STI policy governance: A leading group of the S&T system reform, involving some 20 ministries and national agencies was set up in 2012. A mid-term evaluation of the S&T Devel- opment Plan 2006-20 was launched in 2014, and the meth- ods and standards for evaluating the Industry-Research Strategic Alliance for Technological Innovation were issued in 2012. The management of main S&T programmes have been revised to simplify the application process; scientists applying for projects funding run by MOST do not have to conduct the Q&A session in person, as most of the applica- tion and evaluation procedures can be done through the Internet, while the budget management system was improved by building the project library and S&T pro- gramme information system. ICT and Internet infrastructures: While ICT infrastructures have developed rapidly in China, ICT use per capita and e-government readiness are still very low by OECD stan- dards (Panel 1 l, m, n ). China has been investing in S&T infra- structures through the R&D Infrastructure and Facility Development Programme since 2005, with an estimated budget of USD 1.5 billion (CNY 5 billion). Technology transfer and commercialisation: In 2013, the Leg- islative Affairs Office of the State Council started to revise the Law on Promoting the Transfer of Scientific and Techno- logical Achievement. The number of Industry-Research Technology Strategic Alliances for Technological Innovation increased from four in 2007 to 146 in 2013. Clusters and smart specialisation: China’s national innovation system features marked regional disparities. The govern- ment has used the innovation demonstration zones as an important policy instrument to spearhead innovation in regions with relatively advantageous innovation capabilities.
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