Below the working class is the lumpenproletariat

Info icon This preview shows pages 2–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
labor"). Below the working class is the "lumpenproletariat," which is characterized by criminal behavior (prostitutes, thieves, etc,). By the twentieth century, many industrial societies had developed stable middle-classes of "white- collar" workers with office jobs. Bureaucracies became major employers--and social actors affecting the stratification system. Note: Higher economic status is usually associated with political power. Conversely, lower socioeconomic status is usually associated with political marginalization if not powerlessness. (Can you envision a society where wealth and political power are not related?) 2
Image of page 2

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ISS 225 Power, Authority, Exchange Social Class II. Stratification Systems, Type of social status A. Ascribed Status (Caste) Ascribed status is the social class position allocated to an individual by society as a result of factors over which the individual has no control (for example: sex, race, family background.) A caste system is a rigid system of inequality. Caste position is strictly defined. There is no social mobility from one caste to another. Caste relationships are relatively conflict free. The lack of conflict can be explained, in part, because of the powerful position of the upper caste and, in part, by an ideology or belief that justifies caste position. There is little deviance on the part of the lower castes because of fear of harsh punishment. A well-known society with a caste system was India. People are born into a caste. For those of you who wish to learn more about the Indian caste systems see: and . Here are two interesting videos on the Indian caste system: - video.htm Some argue that race and gender sometimes functions like a caste system in the United States. People are born with their race and their gender and that has affected status. Two major characteristics of ascribe status are 1. Endogamy, where people have to marry within their own caste and, 2. Ritual Pollution, where all contact between members of the upper caste and the lower caste is inappropriate. The members of the upper caste see such contact as unclean. B. Achieved Status (Class) Achieved Status is the social class position, which an individual acquires as a result of his/her own activities. (education, occupation, income) The class system is an open form of stratification based primarily on economic criteria. The boundaries between classes are more flexible than with the caste system. Individuals can move around within the class system. Their status can improve or decline. Class membership depends, at least in part, on characteristics, which the individual can control. Keep in mind, however, that people tend to be born into class structure. Change is difficult. Historic conditions determine social class structure. The ideology of the dominant culture perpetuates class structure.
Image of page 3
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern