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Based on this analysis mulroney should select

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Based on this analysis, Mulroney should select Eastover over Southampton. 14. a. Net income can increase even while cash flow from operations decreases. This can occur if there is a buildup in net working capital -- for example, increases in accounts receivable or inventories, or reductions in accounts payable. Lower depreciation expense will also increase net income but can reduce cash flow through the impact on taxes owed. b. Cash flow from operations might be a good indicator of a firm's quality of earnings because it shows whether the firm is actually generating the cash necessary to pay bills and dividends without resorting to new financing. Cash flow is less susceptible to arbitrary accounting rules than net income is. 15. $1,200 Cash flow from operations = sales – cash expenses – increase in A/R Ignore depreciation because it is a non-cash item and its impact on taxes is already accounted for. 16. a Both current assets and current liabilities will decrease by equal amounts. But this is a larger percentage decrease for current liabilities because the initial current ratio is above 1.0. So the current ratio increases. Total assets are lower, so turnover increases. 17. a Cost of goods sold is understated so income is higher, and assets (inventory) are valued at most recent cost so they are valued higher. 18. a Since goods still in inventory are valued at recent versus historical cost. 19. Considering the components of after-tax ROE, there are several possible explanations for a stable after-tax ROE despite declining operating income: 1. Declining operating income could have been offset by an increase in non-operating income (i.e., from discontinued operations, extraordinary gains, gains from changes in accounting policies) because both are components of profit margin (net income/sales). 2. Another offset to declining operating income could have been declining interest rates on any interest rate obligations, which would have decreased interest expense while allowing pre-tax margins to remain stable. 19-9
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3. Leverage could have increased as a result of a decline in equity from: (a) writing down an equity investment, (b) stock repurchases, (c) losses; or, (d) selling new debt. The effect of the increased leverage could have offset a decline in operating income. 4. An increase in asset turnover could also offset a decline in operating income. Asset turnover could increase as a result of a sales growth rate that exceeds the asset growth rate, or from the sale or write-off of assets. 5. If the effective tax rate declined, the resulting increase in earnings after tax could offset a decline in operating income. The decline in effective tax rates could result from increased tax credits, the use of tax loss carry-forwards, or a decline in the statutory tax rate. 20.
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Based on this analysis Mulroney should select Eastover over...

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