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Both genders have known causes of IDA such as use of medications that cause GI bleeding, sur-gical procedures that effect stomach acidity and intestinal absorption, eating disorders and de-creased dietary intake of iron. IA is known to effect the elderly population who are high risk for chronic disease and also hospitalized patients who currently have a chronic illness. Infectious diseases can cause AI such as tuberculosis, infection in the lungs, an altered immune system, immune system endo-carditis, and osteomyelitis. Those who have inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, heart failure and inflammatory bowel disease are at risk for AI. ReferencesHuether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2012).Understanding pathophysiology(Laureate custom ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.Ganz, T. (2003). Hepcidin, a key regulator of iron metabolism and mediator of anemia of inflam-mation. Blood, 102(3), 783-788.National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Anemia of Inflammation and Chronic Disease. (2013). Retrieved from: -topics/blood-diseases/anemia-inflammation-chronic-disease/Pages/fact-sheet.aspx