While the biggest universities in Somaliland the University of Hargeysa ratio

While the biggest universities in somaliland the

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lecturer ratio on average 21:1 with however substantial variations between universities. While the biggest universities in Somaliland – the University of Hargeysa (ratio of 20:1) and Amoud University (18:1) achieve better than average ratios, East Africa University in Puntland has one lecturer per 30 students, which could also be interpreted as indicator of higher quality education in Somaliland vs. Puntland. 25 Notably, out of the 118 lecturers in East Africa University by the end of 2011-2012, 35 were Bachelor’s Degree holders, 72 were Master’s Degree holders, only 11 were PhD holders, and out of the 200 lecturers at the University of Hargeysa 187 were Bachelor’s Degree holders, 10 were Master’s Degree holders and only 3 were PhD holders. 26 By contrast, in the past twenty years, Somalia has experienced a sharp growth in the number of private universities, 27 with quality below international standards. While large numbers of youth move to Somaliland’s urban centres to pursue a higher education, several youth in Hargeysa and Burao pointed out that they would prefer to study abroad because of the low quality of education in Somaliland. POOR LINKAGES TO THE LABOUR MARKET A recent market assessment conducted by Samuel Hall for the ILO in Somalia in 2014 28 identified structural weaknesses of the labour market that prevents youth from accessing employment such as a fundamental lack of jobs, restricted female economic participation, and a closed job market due to recruitment through family or clan networks or skills gap due to lack of relevant skills training. 29 While corroborating these conclusions for Puntland and Somaliland, our key informant interviews point to three specific contradictions of the local labour market: Technical and higher education actors do not provide youth with marketable skills: Both tertiary education and vocational trainings have been pointed out as not suitable to equip students with skills needed in the labour market. While there is a common perception that degrees and certificates are a major prerequisite for obtaining qualified jobs, the fact is that higher education in Somaliland and Puntland does not equip youth with necessary skills to find employment. In addition, it is not recognised abroad or among international employers as university experience: “You have a multitude of private universities and private training institutes, yet a lot of people with low levels of education as most institutes are not up to standard. It is even worse in Puntland [than in Somaliland).” (EU Field Officer, Hargeysa) Most unskilled Somali youth are reluctant to accept jobs perceived as ‘degrading’: The youth living in Somaliland and Puntland have nothing else to do and want to find a job according to their supposed skills. For unskilled people there are a lot of jobs, but they have to import the labour force from Ethiopia and in Puntland. As a result, you will mostly have IDPs doing those unskilled jobs. Available jobs are not adequate for Somalis: it’s a cultural problem. There is this paradox that there is high unemployment and empty jobs.” (EU Field Officer, Hargeysa)
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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