Internet When used as a noun and spelled with a lowercase i , “internet” is an abbreviation for internetwork , which refers to a collection of interconnected networks that functions as a single network. When used as a proper noun and spelled with a capital I , “Internet” refers to the world’s largest internetwork, which consists of hundreds of thousands of interconnected networks worldwide and based on a specific set of network standards (TCP/IP). Internet Architecture Board (IAB) An organization that is part of the Internet Society responsible for the overall planning and designing of the Internet. Responsibilities include setting Internet standards, managing the publication of RFC documents, and resolving technical issues. Assigned to the IAB are the Internet Engineering Task Force and the Internet Research Task Force . Formerly known as the Internet Activities Board. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) An organization that has authority over all number spaces used in the Internet including IP addresses . IANA control will soon be transferred to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) . Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) A private, non- profit corporation with international representation expressly formed to assume the responsibilities currently being performed by IANA and other government organizations that provide domain name service. Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) An organization that is part of the Internet Architecture Board and primarily concerned with addressing short- or
290 290 medium-term Internet engineering issues. Relies on the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) to prioritize and coordinate activities. Internet Registry (IR) A formal hierarchical system used for assigning IP addresses . From top to bottom, this hierarchy consists of IANA , Regional Internet Registries (RIR), and Local Internet Registries (LIR), and works as follows: IANA allocates blocks of IP address space to RIRs; RIRs allocate blocks of IP address space to their LIRs; LIRs then assign addresses to either end users or ISPs. Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) An organization that is part of the Internet Architecture Board and primarily concerned with addressing long-term research projects. Relies on the Internet Research Steering Group (IRSG) to prioritize and coordinate activities. Internet Society (ISOC) An international organization comprised of volunteers who promote the Internet as a medium for global communication and collaboration. ISOC is considered the ultimate authoritative organization of the Internet. Internet2 A collaborative project of the University Corporation for Advanced Internet Development (UCAID), which comprises over 100 U.S. universities, government organizations, and private sector firms. Internet2’s mission is to develop advanced Internet tech nologies and applications that support the research endeavors of colleges and universities. Internet2 members use the vBNS to test and advance their research.
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