23 smoking smoking causes heart disease respiratory

This preview shows page 23 - 26 out of 26 pages.

23
Image of page 23

Subscribe to view the full document.

Smoking Smoking causes heart disease, respiratory ailments, various cancers, etc So why do people start smoking? Powerful social influences (parents, friends who smoke) False‐consensus effect: adolescents overestimate number of smokers Appearance: tough, sociable, defying authority, good with members of the opposite sex Nicotine is addictive: increases activity of dopamine neurons rewarding effect Exercise Aerobic exercise increases the growth of new neurons (neurogenesis), especially in the hippocampus, associated with memory and cognition Physiological benefits : Increases cardiovascular health, lowers bp, strengthens heart and lungs, prevents certain cancers, improves immune system, controls appetite and metabolism Psychological benefits : reduces stress, improves mood, reduces cognitive decline in older adults 24
Image of page 24
Positivity Positivity has 3 components Positive emotion and pleasure: prof. who is happy when interacting with students Engagement in life: feels engaged in teaching and research Meaningful life: finds meaning in contributing to the success of students Positive emotions are associated with health and well‐being Hope: reduced risk of hypertension, diabetes and respiratory tract infections Curiosity: reduced risk of hypertension and diabetes Positive affect is also enhances the immune system and longevity Social Support Social interaction is beneficial for health: increase longevity, and decrease illness Social integration: quality of a person’s social relationships. Helps maintain good health in 2 ways: Experience less stress overall (material help, assisting with daily chores) Buffering hypothesis: then others provide emotional support, the recipient is better able to cope with stressful events. 25
Image of page 25

Subscribe to view the full document.

Emotional disclosure Talking about negative events is helpful because you are better able to understand the causes of events and move on. Marriage Marriage has health benefits if the marriage is a good one. Benefits are larger for men. But unhappy marriages can lead to increased stress, and decreased functioning of the immune system Trust Oxytocin is secreted when during trusting encounters and also when we feel empathy and love. It’s the attachment hormone that increases bonding between mother and child. Trust is essential for psychological, physical health and longer life. Spirituality People who are religious report greater feelings of well‐being. Religious beliefs may serve as a buffer against stressful life events (deriving meaning and purpose in their loves) and groups provide social support Indirect effect on health: religious beliefs support a healthy lifestyle avoiding alcohol and tobacco 26
Image of page 26
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • Winter '10
  • Fountain,M
  • Psychology, Attention versus memory in prefrontal cortex

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern