Rene descartes thought of the mind as an immaterial

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Rene Descartes thought of the mind as an immaterial but thinking substance, whilethe body he attributed as material with no thinking substance becoming the basis ofwhat is termed Cartesian Dualism (Moriarty 2008 as cited in Davies et al, 2016)Cartesian Dualism positioned the human body as ‘anatomy’, a site for scientific,medical exploration and intervention leading to establishment of the disciplines ofanatomy, physiology and pathology and the dominating biomedical model of modernmedicine (Davies et al, 2016)
Background Cont.• MindBody dualism further helped by further scientific developments from the 17thConwards.• Industrial revolution in latter part of 18thC- the body was conceived of as a machine(mechanical view of the world also reflected in how the body was seen)• The rise of pharmacological medicine, based in a physical or materialisticframework (rather than a holistic one) during the first half of the 20th century, alsosupported the MindBody dualism (Soukup, 2012; Davies, et al, 2016)Background cont.Pockets in time where holism remerged as a counter to the mechanistic approachbut scientific, rational perspective dominated (Soukup, 2012)However with the last four decades, holistic healing, in general, and MindBodyWellness in particular are enjoying a ‘renaissance’Several reasons explain this renewed interest and certainly one significant reason isthat many in today’s cultures want to be more active, or more participatory, in relationto their own health and healing. (Rotan & Opsina-Krammerer, 2007)Background Cont.This renewed interest has resulted in a number of developments, including:Ø A proliferation of modalities, ascribed by some to be MindBody Wellnessmodalities, but don’t adhere to the concept of a MindBody modality in its strictestsense leading to some confusion about what is and is not a MindBody modality.Ø MindBody Wellness and Healing being recognized in somecircles as both a significant approach to preventing illness anda significant approach to supporting physical healing (Rotan & Opsina-Krammerer,2007)Background cont.Ø MindBody Wellness and Healing programs being offered in many and diversesettings both in health care, including aged care; the spa and wellness industry;primary, secondary and tertiary education and in community education.Ø MindBody Wellness/healing being taught in selected health professional educationsettings which include medical and nursing schools, thereby redressing the shiftaway from aholistic approach to healing.(Rotan & Opsina-Krammerer, 2007)What is MindBody Wellness?MindBody Wellness (MBW) focuses on the interactions among the brain, mind, bodyand behaviour (NCCAM , 2005 , as cited in Rotan & Ospina-Kammerer, 2007, p. xii ).What then is the Mind? How would you define it?• The mind is the flow of information as it moves about the cells, organs, andsystems of the body (Candice Pert)• The mind is intelligence or self-consciousness, knowing itself as universal: the unityof intellect and will (Hagel)refer Appendix A Rotan & Ospina-Kammerer, 2007 p. 122 for more definitionsBack to: What is MBW?

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Term
Fall
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Stress, MBW, rotan, J W Travis

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