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We also see artists coming from places other than The Bronx/South Bronx and the Queensbridge housing projects. Hip Hop artists are now emerging from places like Long Island, NT, Newark, NJ, Philadelphia, PA, and even Oakland California on the West Coast. Erik B. & Rakim:Members: 1.Eric “Eric B,” Barrier2.William “MC Rakim” Michael Griffin Jr.Origin: Long Island, New YorkTheir debut album Paid in Fullwas recorded at Marley Marl’s home studio and Power Play Studios in New York City and released in 1987. Rakim’s MCing has a “slow flow” and his lyrics are “mesmeric”Paid in Full was one of the first Hip Hop albums to fully embrace 1970’s funk samplesPaid in Full’s heavy use of sampling by Eric B, such as from Bobby Byrd’s “I Know You Got Soul,” became influential in Hip Hop productionEric B. & Rakim, “Paid in Full,” Paid in Full. 1987. Eric B. & Rakim, “(Seven Minutes of Madness – The Coldcut Remix),” Paid in Full, 1987Eric B. & Rakim, “I know you got soul,” 1971. Public EnemyFounders:1.Chuck D. (Carleton Ridenhour) 2.2. Flavor Flav (William Drayton)Members:DJ Lord, Professor Griff, S1W Group, Terminator X, and Sister SouljahOrigin: Long Island, New York, 1982. Known for its politically charged lyrics and its criticism of the American MediaPublic Enemy, “Fight the Power,” It takes a nation of millions to hold us back. 1989.
LL Cool JBorn: James Todd Smith, January 14, 1968Origin: Queens, New York CityLL Cool J: Ladies Love Cool JamesKnown for his romantic ballads:“I Need Love”“Around the Way Girl”“Hey Lover”Always known for pioneering hip-hop tracks such as “I Can’t Live Without My Radio,” “I’m Bad,” and “The Bloomin’ System.”LL Cool J, “I Can’t Live Without My Radio,” RadioDJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince:Members: 1.Jeffrey “DJ Jazzy Jeff” Townes 2.Will “The Fresh Prince” SmithOrigin: Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaKnown for Will Smith’s “nice clean rap” free of profanity“Parents Just Don’t Understand” won the very first Grammy for best Rap Performance in 1989DJ Jazzy Jeff and The Fresh Prince, “Summertime” Homebase. 1991Salt-N-Pepa:Members:1.Cheryl “Salt” Wray, 2.Sandra “Pepa” Denton3.Dee Dee “DJ Spindrella” RoperOrigin: Queens, New York CityMost commercially successful female rap groupSalt-N-Pepa, “Push It” 1988. Digital Underground:Members:1.Greg “Shock G” Jacobs2.Jimi “Chopmaster J” Dwight3.Tupac Shakur4.DJ Kenneth “Kenny-K” WatersOrigin: Oakland, California Started the career of Tupac ShakurHeavily influenced by 1970s Funk bands and sampled such music frequently; has become a defining characteristic of West Coast RapDigital Underground, “Kiss You Back,” Sons of the P, 1991.