ả ệ ụ � bi t kh n c p đ i v i Nh t B n là gi i quy t v n đ rác th i c a quá

Ả ệ ụ ? bi t kh n c p đ i v i nh t b n là gi

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bi t kh n c p đ i v i Nh t B n là gi i quy t v n đ rác th i c a quá trình s n xu t ế và tiêu dùng. Hàng năm Nh t B n th i ra MT kho ng 450 tri u t n ch t th i, các bãi rác đã h t ch ch a. áp l c này đòi h i các DN và Chính ph Nh t B n quan tâm ế đ n v n đ v MT, quan tâm đ n h ch toán MT. ế ế - Theo kinh nghi m c a các công ty Nh t B n vi c áp d ng nh ng bi n pháp BVMT và áp d ng KTMT s làm tăng hi u qu kinh t c a DN và hi u qu BVMT. Năm ế 2001, Toyota áp d ng KTMT đã thu l i hàng t yên m i năm do c t gi m năng l ng ượ s d ng, gi m thi u chi phí x lý ch t th i và công ngh s n xu t đ c s ch h n. ượ ơ Canon áp d ng k toán dòng v t li u (MFA) ban đ u cho m t công đo n, sau đó ế
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cho m t s n ph m và m r ng th c hi n cho toàn b t p đoàn nên đã gi m thi u ở ộ ộ ậ rác kính, ch t th i .v.v... và nghiên c u s n xu t v t li u kính m ng h n, ch t l ng ơ ượ h n. Năm 2000, Ricoch th c hi n nh ng bi n pháp BVMT và v n d ng KTMT đã ơ tính toán đ c chi phí cho ho t đ ng b o v và qu n lý MT là 66 tri u USD, nh ng ượ ư thu l i l i ích là 79 tri u USD. - Countries succeed in applying environmental audit: Germany, USA, Japan, Korea, ... - The environmental audit procedure of Japan was resulted from the pressure of scarcity of natural resources and the fact that environment affects the sustainable development of Japan. In such condition, the urgent task for Japan is to solve the problem of waste of production and consumption process. Every year, Japan emits about 450 million tons of waste to the environment, landfills have run out of space. This pressure requires Japanese businesses and the Government to pay attention to environmental issues, to pay attention to environmental accounting. - Based on the experience of Japanese companies, the application of environmental protection measures and application of environmental protection will increase the economic efficiency of enterprises and environmental protection efficiency. In 2001, Toyota applied environmental auditing to benefit billions of yen each year by cutting energy use, reducing waste treatment costs and producing cleaner technologies. Canon applied material flow accounting (MFA) initially for one stage, then for a product and expanded the implementation for the entire corporation, which minimized glass waste, waste, etc. and research to produce thinner, better glass materials’ quality. In 2000, Ricoch implemented environmental protection measures and applied the environmental auditing. The cost for environmental protection and management was 66 million USD, but the benefit was valued at 79 million USD.
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