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Thomas cole 1801 1848 second most important figure of

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-- Thomas Cole (1801-1848):
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Second most important figure of Hudson River School. Cofounder of the movement. Sharper Contrast. Land squared off. Greens and blues brought out more. “The Last Mohicans written by Fenmore, first real American novelist. -- Frederick Church (1826-1900): Considered the most important of the second generation. Varies Geometry, color. Studied under Cole. Weather is really important. With Church, dramatic. Famous for his paintings of the Niagara Falls. Drawing parallel between the natural environment and the sacred. III. The Transcendentalists School of philosophers. Quite a number. Ralph Waldo Emrson, Henry David Thoreau. Transcend- go beyond go above, society, physical beings. a. What is Transcendentalism? -- Influenced by Romantics & Greco-Roman authors In England. Classical literature, Plato. -- Monism: means everything derives from one thing. Ancient concept. See it in Plato- everything derives from truth, love, God etc. Not Christian. Organic whole. No individual parts. -- Individualism: Microcosm of the whole. Universe contains us we contain the universe. Emphasized. How you are composed makes you an individual. If you can understand yourself as an individual. You get the sense of the universe. You are one and the same. Everything that is in you is everything that is out there. Your soul contains what the worlds soul contains. To be true to yourself is a benefit to others. -- Nature & Civilization: Getting away from civilization, the adrealine, some control but not all control. Allows humans to fulfill his divine potentiality through contact of the beauty truth Civilization obscures vision. Nature we see ourselves reflected back on us. We come in contact with the over soul- Emerson uses- over riding universal soul which we are a part of and contain. We don’t see it in civilization. Divine authority coming through person intuition. Disregard for external authority, empty tradition. Optimistic philosophy, if they get in touch with soul they will ultimately do good. Reject the trappings and strict structure of religion.
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