c) Discuss the quality of the abstract. (includes purpose, design, sample, intervention and key results) a) The scholarly qualifications of the researchers include: Medical Doctor, Master’s Degree Prepared Board-Certified Music Therapists, Master of Science in Nursing-Nurses, Certified Nurse Practitioners, Master’s Degree Biostatistician, Master Degree Statistical Programmer and Register Nurses. The positional qualifications include: Research Program Manager, Nurse Manager, Music Therapy Manager, Director of Surgical Services, Chief Nursing Officer, Lead Biostatistician, Statistical Programmer and Medical Director of Rehabilitation Services. b) The title presents a clear understanding of the objective of the research study. The title conveys to the reader that the article will provide information to show how music therapy effects hospitalized patients after elective orthopedic surgery. The study is a Randomized Controlled Trial with an experimental group and a control group. Independent variables are the post-elective orthopedic surgery patients’ pain, anxiety, mood, nausea and the use medications with length of hospitalization. The dependent variable is the music therapy. Population included male and female patients with various orthopedic diseases, scheduled ortho surgeries for hips, knees and shoulders at a medium age of 60.5 plus or minus 11.1 years. c) The abstract painted the overall picture for the article presenting the purpose, study design, sample population, intervention used and outcomes. Purpose of the study proposed for the reader to understand the effects of music therapy had on post elective ortho surgery patients’ pain, moods, nausea, anxiety, narcotics use, antiemetics, and length of stay. Study designed is mentioned as a randomized control study with an experimental part and a control part. An intervention or independent variable of music therapy is prescribed to the experimental group to record change in the dependent variables. In summary, researches identified same-day positive improvement in pain, mood, and nausea with music therapy in contrast to the control group of usual care. Narcotics,
antiemetics and length of stay effects were not obvious noted changes, concluding more research opportunities available Question #2: Research Problem and Purpose: (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 3, 5, 18) a) What is the problem statement(s)? Please quote this directly from the article and cite it appropriately. a) According to Gallagher, et al. (2018), Patients recovering from TKAs, Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) or THA, and shoulder replacements or rotator cuff surgeries can be negatively impacted, and their recovery complicated by experiencing severe pain, as well as a fear of anesthesia and discomfort (p.124).
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, Research Article Appraisal