Another authoritative scientist is Vaillant xvii who bases his research on

Another authoritative scientist is vaillant xvii who

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Another authoritative scientist is Vaillant xvii , who bases his research on developmental psychology, neurobiology and anthropology, shows that some negative emotions, such as fear and anger, are
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crucial to survival. But he views the positive emotions, such as love, compassion, hope, forgiveness, gratitude, respect, joy, etc., as essential to a person's optimal development. Because they help us overcome our ego, Vaillant associates these specific emotions with spirituality. He talks of "spiritual emotions", which he regards as being deeply embedded in human biology through evolution, because they affect brain stem activity. It is worth noting that Vaillant is uneasy with the hype around happiness. He views the pursuit of happiness as shortsighted and argues that we should focus on what joy brings us in the longer term. Joy is more substantial and stable than happiness and goes right to the core of our being. Joy is pure energy. "Joy is all about togetherness with others; happiness is to do with reducing your own stress. Happiness allows us to run away from pain, whereas joy allows us to acknowledge that pain exists. Happiness is not a base emotion, because happiness is for the most part cognitive. Joy is, by way of contrast, a primary emotion. Joy is a gut feeling. Joy allows us to laugh from our bellies” xviii . Happiness activates the sympathetic nervous system, which is where responses like fight or flight are stimulated. Joy is located in the parasympathetic nervous system, which is where we find the stimuli to rest and digest. Joy is relevant from an evolutionary viewpoint because the biological reward system, for example, makes parents choose to protect their children and fight for their lives. Joy has nothing to do with reducing stress and has everything to do with togetherness. Joy is far beyond the principle of lust. A smoker might take pleasure from smoking a cigarette, but feel joy when he bumps into an old friend. Pleasure generally shows up as activity in a small area of the brain, but joy involves much larger parts of the central nervous system. As opposed to excitement, joy lowers the heartbeat and has a restful effect. Joy goes hand in hand with vitality and cheerfulness. It is also the case that play, which is ingrained in young children and mammals, has a greater association with joy than with pleasure. Normal children’s play is a powerful way of exercising and perfecting skills. In adults, play usually takes the form of sports, singing, music, dancing or engaging in joyous activities that encourage togetherness. Vaillant associates joy with pain: “Joy is sorrow inside-out” xix . At a funeral, friends and relatives can come together in joy to celebrate the deceased and honor them with joyous memories.
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