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maximize the benefits of the employer. The psychologist’s utilization of instruments developedusing samples of white, middle-class men raises biased testing and may be considered a form ofdeception if not mentioned to employees.
Case No. 3: A psychologist who conducts research on jury characteristics has reported thatpotential jurors with specific demographic characteristics are more likely to renderverdicts that favor the defense in certain types of felony cases. An attorney who isdefending an accused rapist offers her a position as a consultant. She is asked to advise thedefense team about which potential jurors should be eliminated during the voir direprocess. Should she accept the position?
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Case No. 4: A psychologist is a guest in a weekly radio "call-in" program. Listeners areinvited to ask questions. During a show on treatment of depression, a listener calls with a"question" about someone he knows who seems "down." He reports that this acquaintancehas been missing work frequently, seems irritable most of the time, and has made
comments about "getting out of the rat-race for good." The psychologist, concerned thatthe caller may be actually speaking about himself, tells the caller that the friend is clinicallydepressed, is a likely suicide risk, and should be seen by a mental health professional assoon as possible. The psychologist then offers an appointment time in her schedule thefollowing morning if the caller will bring his "friend" to the office for evaluation andreferral to a local physician. Has she followed ethical guidelines in handling this situation?Cases are from :